Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki
Polskiej Akademii Nauk


E. Nelson David

Ostatnie publikacje
1.  Turner D., Paszek P., Woodcock D. J., Nelson David E., Horton Caroline A., Yunjiao W., Spiller David G., Rand D. A., White M., Harper C. V., Physiological levels of TNFalpha stimulation induce stochastic dynamics of NF-kappaB responses in single living cells, Journal of Cell Science, ISSN: 0021-9533, DOI: 10.1242/jcs.069641, Vol.123, No.16, pp.2834-2843, 2010

Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) signalling is activated by cellular stress and inflammation and regulates cytokine expression. We applied single-cell imaging to investigate dynamic responses to different doses of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha). Lower doses activated fewer cells and those responding showed an increasingly variable delay in the initial NF-kappaB nuclear translocation and associated IkappaBalpha degradation. Robust 100 minute nuclear:cytoplasmic NF-kappaB oscillations were observed over a wide range of TNFalpha concentrations. The result is supported by computational analyses, which identified a limit cycle in the system with a stable 100 minute period over a range of stimuli, and indicated no co-operativity in the pathway activation. These results suggest that a stochastic threshold controls functional all-or-nothing responses in individual cells. Deterministic and stochastic models simulated the experimentally observed activation threshold and gave rise to new predictions about the structure of the system and open the way for better mechanistic understanding of physiological TNFalpha activation of inflammatory responses in cells and tissues.

Słowa kluczowe:

Afiliacje autorów:
Turner D. - inna afiliacja
Paszek P. - IPPT PAN
Woodcock D. J. - University of Warwick (GB)
Nelson David E. - inna afiliacja
Horton Caroline A. - inna afiliacja
Yunjiao W. - inna afiliacja
Spiller David G. - inna afiliacja
Rand D. A. - University of Warwick (GB)
White M. - inna afiliacja
Harper C. V. - University of Manchester (GB)
2.  Ashall L., Horton Caroline A., Nelson David E., Paszek P., Harper Claire V.V., Sillitoe K., Ryan S., Spiller David G., Unitt John F., Broomhead David S., Kell Douglas B., Rand David A.A., Sée V., White Michael R.R., Pulsatile Stimulation Determines Timing and Specificity of NF-κB-Dependent Transcription, Science, ISSN: 0036-8075, DOI: 10.1126/science.1164860, Vol.324, No.5924, pp.242-246, 2009

The nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) transcription factor regulates cellular stress responses and the immune response to infection. NF-κB activation results in oscillations in nuclear NF-κB abundance. To define the function of these oscillations, we treated cells with repeated short pulses of tumor necrosis factor–α at various intervals to mimic pulsatile inflammatory signals. At all pulse intervals that were analyzed, we observed synchronous cycles of NF-κB nuclear translocation. Lower frequency stimulations gave repeated full-amplitude translocations, whereas higher frequency pulses gave reduced translocation, indicating a failure to reset. Deterministic and stochastic mathematical models predicted how negative feedback loops regulate both the resetting of the system and cellular heterogeneity. Altering the stimulation intervals gave different patterns of NF-κB–dependent gene expression, which supports the idea that oscillation frequency has a functional role.

Afiliacje autorów:
Ashall L. - inna afiliacja
Horton Caroline A. - inna afiliacja
Nelson David E. - inna afiliacja
Paszek P. - inna afiliacja
Harper Claire V.V. - University of Manchester (GB)
Sillitoe K. - inna afiliacja
Ryan S. - inna afiliacja
Spiller David G. - inna afiliacja
Unitt John F. - inna afiliacja
Broomhead David S. - inna afiliacja
Kell Douglas B. - inna afiliacja
Rand David A.A. - University of Warwick (GB)
Sée V. - inna afiliacja
White Michael R.R. - University of Manchester (GB)

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