Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki
Polskiej Akademii Nauk

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Ewa Wojtaszek


Ostatnie publikacje
1.  Golenia A., Żołek N.S., Olejnik P., Wojtaszek E., Głogowski T., Małyszko J., Prevalence of Cognitive Impairment in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients and Associated Factors, Kidney Blood Press Res , ISSN: 1420-4096, DOI: 10.1159/000530168, Vol.48, No.1, pp.202-208, 2023

Streszczenie:
Background: Cognitive impairment (CI) in patients with chronic kidney disease, including those treated with renal replacement therapy, is a growing problem worldwide. Objectives: The study aimed to assess the prevalence of CI and associated factors in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 18 consecutive patients with PD therapy and 15 controls were evaluated for CI using the Addenbrooke’s Cognitive Examination III (ACE III) test. Results: The prevalence of CI was 33% in patients and 27% in the control group and was not statistically significant. A higher prevalence of CI was found in subjects aged ≥65 years old than in those <65 years old (p = 0.02), but only in the control group. The prevalence of CI in PD patients over and under 65 years of age did not differ statistically significantly (p = 0.12). Memory and verbal fluency were the most affected cognitive domain in PD patients with CI (p = 0.00, p = 0.04, respectively). There was a significant correlation between higher educated PD patients and the ACE III test results. The duration of dialysis did not affect the results of the cognitive screening test. Conclusions: CI is a growing problem in the course of chronic kidney disease and dialysis therapy. It seems that cognitive problems may occur in patients undergoing PD at a younger age than in the general population with particularly affected memory and verbal fluency. Higher educated patients score better on the cognitive screening test.

Słowa kluczowe:
Cognitive impairment,Chronic kidney disease,Peritoneal dialysis,Addenbrooke’s Cognitive Examination III test,Screening test

Afiliacje autorów:
Golenia A. - inna afiliacja
Żołek N.S. - IPPT PAN
Olejnik P. - inna afiliacja
Wojtaszek E. - inna afiliacja
Głogowski T. - inna afiliacja
Małyszko J. - inna afiliacja
70p.
2.  Golenia A., Olejnik P., Żołek N., Wojtaszek E., Małyszko J., Cognitive impairment and anxiety are prevalent in kidney transplant recipients : Cognitive function and anxiety after kidney transplantation, Kidney Blood Press Res , ISSN: 1420-4096, DOI: 10.1159/000533755, pp. - , 2023

Streszczenie:
Introduction. Cognitive impairment (CI) is common in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), including kidney transplant recipients. Patients with cognitive problems may find it difficult to comply with medical recommendations after kidney transplantation (KT), which can be the cause of many complications, poorer prognosis, and increased hospitalization rates after transplantation. Additionally, some patients after KT may experience depression and anxiety, which are prevalent comorbidities in patients with ESKD. Methods. In this single–center, cross-sectional study, we included 56 consecutive adult patients after KT. Cognitive function were assessed using the Addenbrooke Cognitive Test III (ACE III). In addition, all patients were screened for depression and anxiety using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). The impact of immunosuppressive therapy and other disease-related variables on cognitive function were also assessed. Results. A total of 56 KT patients, with a mean age of 50.3 ± 11.7 years, transplanted ≤ 35 months ago were included in the study. The prevalence of CI was 30%. Compared with cognitively unimpaired patients, patients with CI scored significantly lower in all cognitive domains. Furthermore, better cognitive functioning after KT was significantly associated with more years of schooling. We found no significant correlation between CI and age at assessment, duration of dialysis before KT, creatinine levels, creatinine clearance, uric acid levels, hemoglobin levels, comorbid cardiovascular diseases as well as immunosuppressive therapy. In addition, the prevalence of depression and anxiety in screening tests was 12.5% and 27%, respectively, and patients receiving higher daily dose of prednisone had higher HADS scores on both the depression and anxiety subscales (not statistically significant). Downloaded from http://karger.com/kbr/article-pdf/doi/10.1159/000533755/3991154/000533755.pdf by guest on 05 September 2023 Discussion/Conclusion. Cognitive disorders is a relevant issue in kidney transplant recipients. There might be many factors, both before and after KT, that have a negative impact on cognition. Therefore, further research is needed to increase knowledge about the course and profile of cognitive function after KT.

Słowa kluczowe:
cognitive impairment,kidney transplantation,immunosuppressive therapy,ACE III test,HADS

Afiliacje autorów:
Golenia A. - inna afiliacja
Olejnik P. - inna afiliacja
Żołek N. - IPPT PAN
Wojtaszek E. - inna afiliacja
Małyszko J. - inna afiliacja
70p.

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