Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki
Polskiej Akademii Nauk

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Jan Dusza

Institute of Materials Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences (SK)


Ostatnie publikacje
1.  Pietrzak K., Strojny-Nędza A., Kaszyca K., Shepa I., Mudra E., Vojtko M., Dusza J., Antal V., Hovancova J., Chmielewski M., Oxidation and corrosion resistance of NiCr-Re and NiCr-Re-Al2O3 materials fabricated by spark plasma sintering, Metals, ISSN: 2075-4701, DOI: 10.3390/met10081009, Vol.10, No.8, pp.1009-1-12, 2020

Streszczenie:
The thermal and oxidation resistance of elements found in the combustion boilers of power generation plants are some of the most important factors deciding their effectiveness. This paper shows the experimental results of the influence of NiCr-based material composition on the microstructure and phase changes occurring during the oxidation and corrosion process. NiCr alloy was modified by the addition of rhenium and aluminum oxide. Materials were densified using the spark plasma sintering method at a sintering temperature of 1050 °C. Oxidation tests conducted up to 1100 °C under synthetic airflow revealed the formation of a thin Cr2O3 layer protecting the material against in-depth oxidation. Results of electrochemical corrosion in a 0.5 M NaCl solution indicated a positive role of Re and Al2O3 addition, confirmed by low corrosion current density values in comparison to the other reference materials. According to the provided positive preliminary test results, we can conclude that a NiCr-Re-Al2O3 system in coating form was successfully obtained by the plasma spraying method.

Słowa kluczowe:
NiCr, rhenium, aluminium oxide, metal matrix composites, oxidation, corrosion

Afiliacje autorów:
Pietrzak K. - IPPT PAN
Strojny-Nędza A. - Institute of Electronic Materials Technology (PL)
Kaszyca K. - inna afiliacja
Shepa I. - inna afiliacja
Mudra E. - inna afiliacja
Vojtko M. - inna afiliacja
Dusza J. - Institute of Materials Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences (SK)
Antal V. - inna afiliacja
Hovancova J. - inna afiliacja
Chmielewski M. - Institute of Electronic Materials Technology (PL)
70p.
2.  Ivor M., Medved D., Chmielewski T., Tobota K., Pietrzak K., Chmielewski M., Halama M., Kottfer D., Dusza J., Microstructure characteristics, tribology and nano-hardness of HVOF sprayed NiCrRe coating, DEFECT AND DIFFUSION FORUM, ISSN: 1662-9507, DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/DDF.405.435, Vol.405, pp.435-439, 2020

Streszczenie:
The high-velocity oxy-fuel technique (HVOF) was used to produce dense NiCrRe coating on boiler steel substrate with a minimal amount of oxide impurities and low porosity. Microstructure analysis, tribology and nano-hardness measurement have been realized with the aim to characterize the systems. The microstructure was studied using scanning electron microscopy and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Tribological characteristics have been studied under the dry sliding condition at applied loads of 5, 10 and 20 N using the ball-on-flat technique with SiC ball at room temperature. Nano-hardness was investigated in continuous stiffness measurement (CSM) mode, the indentation depth limit was 1500 nm. Microstructure analyses proved that the HVOF sprayed layer, with a thickness approximately 870 µm, contains a relatively low volume fraction of porosity with a chemical composition based on Nickel, Chromium, with white areas of Rhenium. The wear rate of the coating is significantly lower than the wear rate of 16Mo3 steel. The average values of indentation modulus and hardness were EIT = 237.6 GPa and HIT = 6.3 GPa, respectively.

Słowa kluczowe:
HVOF, mechanical properties of NiCrRe, NiCrRe coating

Afiliacje autorów:
Ivor M. - inna afiliacja
Medved D. - inna afiliacja
Chmielewski T. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Tobota K. - inna afiliacja
Pietrzak K. - inna afiliacja
Chmielewski M. - Institute of Electronic Materials Technology (PL)
Halama M. - inna afiliacja
Kottfer D. - inna afiliacja
Dusza J. - Institute of Materials Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences (SK)
3.  Medved D., Ivor M., Chmielewski T., Golański D., Pietrzak K., Kottfer D., Dusza J., Microstructure characteristics, tribology and nano-hardness of plasma sprayed NiCrRe coating, DEFECT AND DIFFUSION FORUM, ISSN: 1662-9507, DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/DDF.405.430, Vol.405, pp.430-434, 2020

Streszczenie:
This paper presents the results of the investigation of NiCrRe coating deposited by plasma spray process at the atmospheric pressure on boiler steel substrate. These coatings were characterized by means of a scanning electron microscopy, and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The wear resistance of plasma sprayed NiCrRe coatings has been investigated under dry sliding conditions at applied load of 10 N in air. The continuous stiffness measurement (CSM) method was used for the investigation of nanohardness using Agilent G200 Nano-indenter in order to determine the mechanical properties of the coatings. Microstructural observations pointed out that the NiCr layer with white isles of rhenium possessed porosity, oxidized, un-melted and semimelted particles, and inclusions. According to the results the thickness of the layer is 450 μm, the indentation modulus 158 ± 24.4 GPa, hardness 3.74 ± 0.76 GPa and the coefficient of friction is 0.45.

Słowa kluczowe:
coating, plasma, tribology

Afiliacje autorów:
Medved D. - inna afiliacja
Ivor M. - inna afiliacja
Chmielewski T. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Golański D. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Pietrzak K. - inna afiliacja
Kottfer D. - inna afiliacja
Dusza J. - Institute of Materials Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences (SK)

Abstrakty konferencyjne
1.  Jakubowska J., Węglewski W., Bochenek K., Kasiarova M., Dusza J., Basista M., Effect of microstructure and thermal residual stresses on fracture behaviour of metal-ceramic composites, AMT 2016, XXI Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science Conference - Advanced Materials and Technologies, 2016-06-05/06-08, Rawa Mazowiecka (PL), No.E07, pp.1, 2016

Streszczenie:
In this paper the influence of material microstructure and thermal residual stresses on the macroscopic fracture toughness, Young’s modulus and bending strength of metal-ceramic composites is studied.
The investigated materials were: (1) Cr/Al2O3 composites (MMC and cermets) with various proportions of the starting powders prepared by hot pressing, and (2) Al2O3/Al infiltrated composites with different volume fractions of the aluminium phase. The two groups of composites (particulate vs. infiltrated) were chosen to examine the effect in question because of their significantly different microstructure.
In the case of hot pressed Cr/Al2O3 composites local thermal residual stresses are generated during cooling from the sintering temperature to RT due to number of factors such as (i) differences in the coefficients of thermal expansion of the ceramic and metal phase, (ii) differences in cooling speeds in different parts of the material, and (iii) irregular shapes of pores causing stress concentrations.
The same problem of formation of thermal residual stresses occurs in the infiltrated Al2O3/Al composite with metal and ceramic phases forming spatially continuous networks throughout the structure (also called Interpenetrating Phase Composites, IPCs).
The fracture toughness and bending strength measurements were performed in a four-point bend test on SEVNB specimens. The microstructural characterization and crack growth analysis were done using scanning electron microscopy.
Our results show that the fracture toughness and other mechanical properties investigated in this study strongly depend on such microstructural features like the amount and distribution of metal and ceramic phase and the type of microstructure (particulate vs. infiltrated). On the other hand the stiffness of reinforcement and matrix, the volume fraction and the grain size of the reinforcement, difference in grain sizes between matrix and reinforcement have an effect on thermal residual stresses distribution, which in turn have an effect on the macroscopic fracture parameters and the crack growth path.

Słowa kluczowe:
thermal residual stresses, mechanical properties, powder metallurgy, interpenetrating phase composites

Afiliacje autorów:
Jakubowska J. - IPPT PAN
Węglewski W. - IPPT PAN
Bochenek K. - IPPT PAN
Kasiarova M. - Institute of Materials Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences (SK)
Dusza J. - Institute of Materials Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences (SK)
Basista M. - IPPT PAN

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