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Polskiej Akademii Nauk

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M.L. Di Lorenzo


Ostatnie publikacje
1.  Sajkiewicz P., Di Lorenzo M.L., Gradys A., Transient nucleation in isothermal crystallization of poly(3-hydroksybuty-rate), E-POLYMERS, ISSN: 1618-7229, Vol.85, pp.1-16, 2009

Streszczenie:
The time dependence of nucleation rate in isothermal crystallization of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) was experimentally shown, both in heterogeneous and homogeneous nucleation. The time dependence of nucleation rate is one of the important limitations for the applicability of the simplified form of Kolmogoroff- Avrami-Evans model with time independent kinetic characteristics. The presented results are interpreted in terms of non-steady-state cluster size distribution underlying transient nature of nucleation. The relaxation time needed for reaching a steady-state cluster size distribution and thus steady-state nucleation rate is relatively long, exceeding the time of exhaustion of heterogeneities. The relaxation time estimated from homogeneous process was tens of seconds in the temperature range between 83 and 120 oC. Application of Arrhenius law allows estimation of relaxation time in broader temperature range, showing an increase of relaxation time with decreasing temperature.

Słowa kluczowe:
PHB, isothermal crystallization, nucleation rate

Afiliacje autorów:
Sajkiewicz P. - IPPT PAN
Di Lorenzo M.L. - inna afiliacja
Gradys A. - IPPT PAN
27p.
2.  Di Lorenzo M.R., Sajkiewicz P., Gradys A., La Pietra P., Optimization of melting conditions for the analysis of crystallization kinetics of poly(3-hydroksybutyrate), E-POLYMERS, ISSN: 1618-7229, Vol.27, pp.1-12, 2009

Streszczenie:
Studies of kinetics of polymer crystallization are generally performed by heating the material above the melting point, in order to erase previous thermal and mechanical history, followed by rapid cooling to the desired crystallization temperature or by cooling at a constant rate. For poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) this procedure implies some degradation of the polymer chain, which starts below the onset of melting. In this article the effects of melting conditions on the subsequent crystallization kinetics are discussed. It is shown that in order to sufficiently cancel memories of previous crystalline order of the analyzed PHB, it is necessary to bring the material at a temperature higher than 192 °C. Thermal treatments conducted at lower temperatures are not sufficient to destroy all solid aggregates, and crystallization of PHB has an anticipated onset of crystallization due to nucleation occurring via self-seeding. The chain degradation attained upon exposure at high temperatures has much lesser influence on crystallization kinetics than incomplete melting, with some effects detectable on the spherulitic morphology and on the final degree of crystallinity.

Słowa kluczowe:
PHB, thermal history, crystallization, degradation

Afiliacje autorów:
Di Lorenzo M.R. - inna afiliacja
Sajkiewicz P. - IPPT PAN
Gradys A. - IPPT PAN
La Pietra P. - inna afiliacja
27p.
3.  Di Lorenzo M.L., Sajkiewicz P., La Pietra P., Gradys A., Irregularly shaped DSC exotherms in the analysis of polimer crystallization, POLYMER BULLETIN, ISSN: 0170-0839, DOI: 10.1007/s00289-006-0621-4, Vol.57, pp.713-721, 2006

Streszczenie:
This article details a study of irregularly shaped DSC exotherms of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) developed during isothermal and non-isothermal crystallization. Due to the extreme purity of the polymer, PHB crystallization is mainly initiated by homogeneous nucleation, with the formation of very large spherulites, especially under slow nucleation conditions. When the number of growing spherulites is low, the evolution of latent heat is very sensitive to every act of nucleation as well as to the space limitations in the process of growth, resulting in non-monotonous development of latent heat, with sudden increases and decreases in crystallization rates. This results in non conventional DSC exotherms, under given crystallization conditions, characterized by spikes or shoulders associated to nucleation of new spherulites.

Słowa kluczowe:
PHB, crystallization, nucleation, DSC

Afiliacje autorów:
Di Lorenzo M.L. - inna afiliacja
Sajkiewicz P. - IPPT PAN
La Pietra P. - inna afiliacja
Gradys A. - IPPT PAN

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