Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki
Polskiej Akademii Nauk

Partnerzy

Marek Tombarkiewicz

Medical University of Warsaw (PL)


Ostatnie publikacje
1.  Owoc J., Mańczak M., Jabłońska M., Tombarkiewicz M., Olszewski R., Association between physician burnout and self-reported errors: meta-analysis, Journal of Patient Safety, ISSN: 1549-8417, DOI: 10.1097/PTS.0000000000000724, pp.1-9, 2020

Streszczenie:
Objectives: Burnout among physicians is an increasingly recognized phenomenon affecting different aspects of patient care and safety. This meta-analysis quantifies association of burnout and its subscales with self-reported medical errors among physicians. Methods: This meta-analysis followed the principles formulated in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and Meta-analyses of Observational Studies. The MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, PsycInfo, and Eric databases were searched until February 5, 2019, using various combinations of key terms without any language restrictions: burnout, physicians, error, safety, and quality. Reference lists of selected studieswere hand searched. Datawere extracted frompublished reports. All quantitative studies reporting prevalence of burnout and its association with self-reported errors among physicians were considered. The analyses of heterogeneity (Cochran Q, I^2), publication bias (Begg- Mazumdar and Egger), three subgroups, and sensitivity were performed. The effect of overall burnout and Maslach Burnout Inventory subscales on self-reported errors was calculated as odds ratios with 95% confidence interval. Results: Thirteen studies on 20,643 physicians and residents were included. The overall burnout among participants was associated with a significantly increased risk of self-reported errors (odds ratio = 2.72, 95% confidence interval = 2.19–3.37). Emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment were all independently predicting factors of self-reported errors. Cochran Q test and inconsistency index I2 were as follows: Q = 27.2; P = 0.0013, I^2 = 67% (36%–83%). Conclusions: The results provide evidence that not only overall burnout but also its subscales independently are to be associated with a significantly increased risk of self-reported errors among physicians. As self-reported errors may translate into different types of adverse events, this strong and unequivocal association should be of major concern to healthcare organizations.

Słowa kluczowe:
burnout, error, patient safety, quality of care

Afiliacje autorów:
Owoc J. - National Institute of Geriatrics Rheumatology and Rehabilitation (PL)
Mańczak M. - National Institute of Geriatrics Rheumatology and Rehabilitation (PL)
Jabłońska M. - National Institute of Geriatrics Rheumatology and Rehabilitation (PL)
Tombarkiewicz M. - Medical University of Warsaw (PL)
Olszewski R. - IPPT PAN
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