Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki
Polskiej Akademii Nauk


Piotr Chłosta

Jagiellonian University (PL)

Ostatnie publikacje
1.  Kloskowski T., Jundziłł A., Kowalczyk T., Nowacki M., Bodnar M., Marszałek A., Pokrywczyńska M., Frontczak-Baniewicz M.M., Kowalewski T.A., Chłosta P., Drewa T., Ureter Regeneration–The Proper Scaffold Has to Be Defined, PLOS ONE, ISSN: 1932-6203, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0106023, Vol.9, No.8, pp.106023-1-13, 2014

The aim of this study was to compare two different acellular scaffolds: natural and synthetic, for urinary conduit construction and ureter segment reconstruction. Acellular aortic arch (AAM) and poly(L-lactide-co-caprolactone) (PLCL) were used in 24 rats for ureter reconstruction in both tested groups. Follow-up period was 4 weeks. Intravenous pyelography, histological and immunohistochemical analysis were performed. All animals survived surgical procedures. Patent uretero-conduit junction was observed only in one case using PLCL. In case of ureter segment reconstruction ureters were patent in one case using AAM and in four cases using PLCL scaffolds. Regeneration of urothelium layer and focal regeneration of smooth muscle layer was observed on both tested scaffolds. Obtained results indicates that synthetic acellular PLCL scaffolds showed better properties for ureter reconstruction than naturally derived acellular aortic arch.

Słowa kluczowe:
Ureter, Muscle regeneration, Kidneys, Collagens, Urine, Surgical and invasive medical procedures, Smooth muscles, Inflammation

Afiliacje autorów:
Kloskowski T. - inna afiliacja
Jundziłł A. - inna afiliacja
Kowalczyk T. - IPPT PAN
Nowacki M. - inna afiliacja
Bodnar M. - Nicolaus Copernicus University (PL)
Marszałek A. - Nicolaus Copernicus University (PL)
Pokrywczyńska M. - inna afiliacja
Frontczak-Baniewicz M.M. - Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences (PL)
Kowalewski T.A. - IPPT PAN
Chłosta P. - Jagiellonian University (PL)
Drewa T. - Nicolaus Copernicus University (PL)
2.  Szopiński T., Nowicki A., Záťura F., Gołąbek T., Chłosta P., Nowe trendy w obrazowaniu raka stercza metodą ultrasonografii przezodbytniczej, Journal of Ultrasonography, ISSN: 2084-8404, DOI: 10.15557/JoU.2014.0031, Vol.14, No.58, pp.306-319, 2014

Carcinoma of the prostate gland is the most common neoplasm in men. Its treatment depends on multiple factors among which local staging plays a significant role. The basic method is transrectal ultrasound imaging. This examination enables imaging of the prostate gland and its abnormalities, but it also allows ultrasound-guided biopsies to be conducted. A conventional gray-scale ultrasound examination enables assessment of the size, echostructure and outlines of the anatomic capsule, but in many cases, neoplastic lesions cannot be observed. For this reason, new sonographic techniques are implemented in order to facilitate detectability of cancer. The usage of contrast agents during transrectal ultrasound examination must be emphasized since, in combination with color Doppler, it facilitates detection of cancerous lesions by visualizing flow which is not observable without contrast enhancement. Elastography, in turn, is a different solution. It uses the differences in tissue elasticity between a neoplastic region and normal prostatic parenchyma that surrounds it. This technique facilitates detection of lesions irrespective of their echogenicity and thereby supplements conventional transrectal examinations. However, the size of the prostate gland and its relatively far location from the transducer may constitute limitations to the effectiveness of elastography. Moreover, the manner of conducting such an examination depends on the examiner and his or her subjective assessment. Another method, which falls within the novel, popular trend of combining imaging methods, is fusion of magnetic resonance imaging and transrectal sonography. The application of multidimensional magnetic resonance imaging, which is currently believed to be the best method for prostate cancer staging, in combination with the availability of a TRUS examination and the possibility of monitoring biopsies in real-time sonography is a promising alternative, but it is associated with higher costs and longer duration of the examination. This paper presents the most important novel trends in transrectal imaging in prostate cancer diagnosis based on the review of the articles available in the PubMed base and published after 2010.

Słowa kluczowe:
transrectal ultrasound, TRUS, prostatic neoplasms, cancer of the prostate, neoplasm staging, elastography

Afiliacje autorów:
Szopiński T. - inna afiliacja
Nowicki A. - IPPT PAN
Záťura F. - Palacký University Olomouc (CZ)
Gołąbek T. - inna afiliacja
Chłosta P. - Jagiellonian University (PL)

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