Institute of Fundamental Technological Research
Polish Academy of Sciences


Magdalena Abramowicz

University of Warsaw (PL)

Recent publications
1.  Abramowicz M., Osial M., Urbańska W., Walicki M., Wilczewski S., Pręgowska A., Skórczewska K., Jenczyk P., Warczak M., Pisarek M., Giersig M., Upcycling of Acid-Leaching Solutions from Li-Ion Battery Waste Treatment through the Facile Synthesis of Magnetorheological Fluid, Molecules, ISSN: 1420-3049, DOI: 10.3390/molecules28062558, Vol.28, No.6, pp.2558-1-2558-16, 2023

The rapidly growing production and usage of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) dramatically raises the number of harmful wastes. Consequently, the LIBs waste management processes, taking into account reliability, efficiency, and sustainability criteria, became a hot issue in the context of environmental protection as well as the scarcity of metal resources. In this paper, we propose for the first time a functional material—a magnetorheological fluid (MRF) from the LIBs-based liquid waste containing heavy metal ions. At first, the spent battery waste powder was treated with acid-leaching, where the post-treatment acid-leaching solution (ALS) contained heavy metal ions including cobalt. Then, ALS was used during wet co-precipitation to obtain cobalt-doped superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) and as an effect, the harmful liquid waste was purified from cobalt. The obtained nanoparticles were characterized with SEM, TEM, XPS, and magnetometry. Subsequently, superparamagnetic nanoparticles sized 15 nm average in diameter and magnetization saturation of about 91 emu g−1 doped with Co were used to prepare the MRF that increases the viscosity by about 300% in the presence of the 100 mT magnetic fields. We propose a facile and cost-effective way to utilize harmful ALS waste and use them in the preparation of superparamagnetic particles to be used in the magnetorheological fluid. This work describes for the first time the second life of the battery waste in the MRF and a facile way to remove the harmful ingredients from the solutions obtained after the acid leaching of LIBs as an effective end-of-life option for hydrometallurgical waste utilization.

environment protection SPION, battery waste, toxic waste management, direct recycling, sustainability, circular economy, critical raw materials

Abramowicz M. - University of Warsaw (PL)
Osial M. - IPPT PAN
Urbańska W. - Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (PL)
Walicki M. - other affiliation
Wilczewski S. - IPPT PAN
Pręgowska A. - IPPT PAN
Skórczewska K. - other affiliation
Jenczyk P. - IPPT PAN
Warczak M. - Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences (PL)
Pisarek M. - Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences (PL)
Giersig M. - IPPT PAN
2.  Pietrzyk-Thel P., Osial M., Pręgowska A., Abramowicz M., Nguyen Thu P., Urbańska W., Giersig M., SPIONs doped with cobalt from the Li-ion battery acid leaching waste as a photocatalyst for tetracycline degradation - synthesis, characterization, DFT studies, and antibiotic treatment, Desalination and Water Treatment, ISSN: 1944-3994, DOI: 10.5004/dwt.2023.29795, Vol.305, pp.155-173, 2023

Spent lithium-ion batteries, LiBs, Acid leaching, SPION, Magnetic nanomaterials, Metals recovery, Superparamagnetic, Waste management, Functional materials

Pietrzyk-Thel P. - IPPT PAN
Osial M. - IPPT PAN
Pręgowska A. - IPPT PAN
Abramowicz M. - University of Warsaw (PL)
Nguyen Thu P. - other affiliation
Urbańska W. - Wroclaw University of Science and Technology (PL)
Giersig M. - IPPT PAN

Filing No./Date
Filing Publication
Protection Area, Applicant Name
Patent Number
Date of Grant
BUP 45/2023
Osial M., Abramowicz M., Urbańska W., Warczak M., Pręgowska A.
Ciecz magnetoreologiczna na bazie tlenków metali oraz sposób jej otrzymywania
PL, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Politechnika Wrocławska, Instytut Chemii Fizycznej PAN, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN

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