Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki
Polskiej Akademii Nauk

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Kondra Tulja Varun


Doktorat
2024-02-19 Transformacje stanów w teorii zasobów kwantowych  (Uniwersytet Warszawski)
promotor -- dr hab. Alexander Streltsov, IPPT PAN
 

Ostatnie publikacje
1.  Chandan D., Tulja Varun K., Miller M., Streltsov A., Entanglement catalysis for quantum states and noisy channels, Quantum 8, ISSN: 2521-327X, DOI: 10.22331/q-2024-03-20-1290, Vol.8, pp.1-20, 2024

Streszczenie:
Many applications of the emerging quantum technologies, such as quantum teleportation and quantum key distribution, require singlets, maximally entangled states of two quantum bits. It is thus of utmost importance to develop optimal procedures for establishing singlets between remote parties. As has been shown very recently, singlets can be obtained from other quantum states by using a quantum catalyst, an entangled quantum system which is not changed in the procedure. In this work we take this idea further, investigating properties of entanglement catalysis and its role for quantum communication. For transformations between bipartite pure states, we prove the existence of a universal catalyst, which can enable all possible transformations in this setup. We demonstrate the advantage of catalysis in asymptotic settings, going beyond the typical assumption of independent and identically distributed systems. We further develop methods to estimate the number of singlets which can be established via a noisy quantum channel when assisted by entangled catalysts. For various types of quantum channels our results lead to optimal protocols, allowing to establish the maximal number of singlets with a single use of the channel.

Afiliacje autorów:
Chandan D. - inna afiliacja
Tulja Varun K. - inna afiliacja
Miller M. - inna afiliacja
Streltsov A. - IPPT PAN
140p.
2.  Tulja Varun K., Chandan D., Streltsov A., Real quantum operations and state transformations, NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS, ISSN: 1367-2630, DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/acf9c4, Vol.25, pp.1-14, 2023

Streszczenie:
Resource theory of imaginarity provides a useful framework to understand the role of complex numbers, which are essential in the formulation of quantum mechanics, in a mathematically rigorous way. In the first part of this article, we study the properties of 'real' (quantum) operations both in single-party and bipartite settings. As a consequence, we provide necessary and sufficient conditions for state transformations under real operations and show the existence of 'real entanglement' monotones. In the second part of this article, we focus on the problem of single copy state transformation via real quantum operations. When starting from pure initial states, we completely solve this problem by finding an analytical expression for the optimal fidelity of transformation, for a given probability of transformation and vice versa. Moreover, for state transformations involving arbitrary initial states and pure final states, we provide a semidefinite program to compute the optimal achievable fidelity, for a given probability of transformation.

Słowa kluczowe:
resource theory of imaginarity, real quantum operations, stochastic approximate state conversion

Afiliacje autorów:
Tulja Varun K. - inna afiliacja
Chandan D. - inna afiliacja
Streltsov A. - inna afiliacja
140p.
3.  Chandan D., Ray G., Tulja Varun K., Streltsov A., Is There a Finite Complete Set of Monotones in Any Quantum Resource Theory?, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.240204, Vol.130, pp.240204-1 -240204-6, 2023

Streszczenie:
Entanglement quantification aims to assess the value of quantum states for quantum information processing tasks. A closely related problem is state convertibility, asking whether two remote parties can convert a shared quantum state into another one without exchanging quantum particles. Here, we explore this connection for quantum entanglement and for general quantum resource theories. For any quantum resource theory which contains resource-free pure states, we show that there does not exist a finite set of resource monotones which completely determines all state transformations. We discuss how these limitations can be surpassed, if discontinuous or infinite sets of monotones are considered, or by using quantum catalysis. We also discuss the structure of theories which are described by a single resource monotone and show equivalence with totally ordered resource theories. These are theories where a free transformation exists for any pair of quantum states. We show that totally ordered theories allow for free transformations between all pure states. For single-qubit systems, we provide a full characterization of state transformations for any totally ordered resource theory.

Afiliacje autorów:
Chandan D. - inna afiliacja
Ray G. - inna afiliacja
Tulja Varun K. - inna afiliacja
Streltsov A. - inna afiliacja
4.  Moein N., Tulja Varun K., Suchetana G., Fellous-Asiani M., Streltsov A., Entanglement and coherence in the Bernstein-Vazirani algorithm, Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.106.062429, No.106, pp.062429-1-062429-13, 2022

Streszczenie:
Quantum algorithms can outperform their classical counterparts in various tasks, the most prominent example being Shor's algorithm for efficient prime factorization on a quantum computer. It is clear that one of the reasons for the speedup is the superposition principle of quantum mechanics, which allows a quantum processor to be in a superposition of different states at the same time. While such a superposition can lead to entanglement across different qubits of the processors, there also exist quantum algorithms that outperform classical ones using superpositions of individual qubits without entangling them. As an example, the Bernstein-Vazirani algorithm allows one to determine a bit string encoded into an oracle. While the classical version of the algorithm requires multiple calls of the oracle to learn the bit string, a single query of the oracle is enough in the quantum case. In this article, we analyze in detail the quantum resources in the Bernstein-Vazirani algorithm. For this, we introduce and study its probabilistic version, where the goal is to guess the bit string after a single call of the oracle. We show that in the absence of entanglement, the performance of the algorithm is directly related to the amount of quantum coherence in the initial state. We further demonstrate that a large amount of entanglement in the initial state prevents the algorithm from achieving optimal performance. We also apply our methods to quantum computation with mixed states, proving that pseudopure states achieve optimal performance for a given purity in the Bernstein-Vazirani algorithm. We further investigate quantum resources in the one clean qubit model, showing that the model can exhibit speedup over any known classical algorithm even with an arbitrarily little amount of multipartite entanglement, general quantum correlations, and coherence.

Afiliacje autorów:
Moein N. - inna afiliacja
Tulja Varun K. - inna afiliacja
Suchetana G. - inna afiliacja
Fellous-Asiani M. - inna afiliacja
Streltsov A. - IPPT PAN
100p.
5.  Kang-Da W., Tulja Varun K., Swapan R., Carlo Maria S., Guo-Yong X., Chuan-Feng L., Guang-Can G., Streltsov A., Operational Resource Theory of Imaginarity, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.126.090401, Vol.126, pp.090401-1-090401-7, 2021

Streszczenie:
Wave-particle duality is one of the basic features of quantum mechanics, giving rise to the use of complex numbers in describing states of quantum systems and their dynamics and interaction. Since the inception of quantum theory, it has been debated whether complex numbers are essential or whether an alternative consistent formulation is possible using real numbers only. Here, we attack this long-standing problem theoretically and experimentally, using the powerful tools of quantum resource theories. We show that, under reasonable assumptions, quantum states are easier to create and manipulate if they only have real elements. This gives an operational meaning to the resource theory of imaginarity. We identify and answer several important questions, which include the state-conversion problem for all qubit states and all pure states of any dimension and the approximate imaginarity distillation for all quantum states. As an application, we show that imaginarity plays a crucial role in state discrimination, that is, there exist real quantum states that can be perfectly distinguished via local operations and classical communication but that cannot be distinguished with any nonzero probability if one of the parties has no access to imaginarity. We confirm this phenomenon experimentally with linear optics, discriminating different two-photon quantum states by local projective measurements. Our results prove that complex numbers are an indispensable part of quantum mechanics.

Afiliacje autorów:
Kang-Da W. - inna afiliacja
Tulja Varun K. - inna afiliacja
Swapan R. - inna afiliacja
Carlo Maria S. - inna afiliacja
Guo-Yong X. - inna afiliacja
Chuan-Feng L. - inna afiliacja
Guang-Can G. - inna afiliacja
Streltsov A. - IPPT PAN
200p.
6.  Tulja Varun K., Chandan D., Streltsov A., Catalytic Transformations of Pure Entangled States, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, ISSN: 0031-9007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.150503, Vol.127, pp.1-6, 2021

Streszczenie:
Quantum entanglement of pure states is usually quantified via the entanglement entropy, the von Neumann entropy of the reduced state. Entanglement entropy is closely related to entanglement distillation, a process for converting quantum states into singlets, which can then be used for various quantum technological tasks. The relation between entanglement entropy and entanglement distillation has been known only for the asymptotic setting, and the meaning of entanglement entropy in the single-copy regime has so far remained open. Here we close this gap by considering entanglement catalysis. We prove that entanglement entropy completely characterizes state transformations in the presence of entangled catalysts. Our results imply that entanglement entropy quantifies the amount of entanglement available in a bipartite pure state to be used for quantum information processing, giving asymptotic results an operational meaning also in the single-copy setup.

Afiliacje autorów:
Tulja Varun K. - inna afiliacja
Chandan D. - inna afiliacja
Streltsov A. - IPPT PAN
200p.
7.  Kang-Da W., Tulja Varun K., Swapan R., Carlo Maria S., Guo-Yong X., Chuan-Feng L., Guang-Can G., Streltsov A., Resource theory of imaginarity: Quantification and state conversion, Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.103.032401, Vol.103, pp.32401-1-32401-13, 2021

Streszczenie:
Complex numbers are widely used in both classical and quantum physics and are indispensable components for describing quantum systems and their dynamical behavior. Recently, the resource theory of imaginarity has been introduced, allowing for a systematic study of complex numbers in quantum mechanics and quantum information theory. In this work we develop theoretical methods for the resource theory of imaginarity, motivated by recent progress within theories of entanglement and coherence. We investigate imaginarity quantification, focusing on the geometric imaginarity and the robustness of imaginarity, and apply these tools to the state conversion problem in imaginarity theory. Moreover, we analyze the complexity of real and general operations in optical experiments, focusing on the number of unfixed wave plates for their implementation. We also discuss the role of imaginarity for local state discrimination, proving that any pair of real orthogonal pure states can be discriminated via local real operations and classical communication. Our study reveals the significance of complex numbers in quantum physics and proves that imaginarity is a resource in optical experiments.

Afiliacje autorów:
Kang-Da W. - inna afiliacja
Tulja Varun K. - inna afiliacja
Swapan R. - inna afiliacja
Carlo Maria S. - inna afiliacja
Guo-Yong X. - inna afiliacja
Chuan-Feng L. - inna afiliacja
Guang-Can G. - inna afiliacja
Streltsov A. - IPPT PAN
100p.

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