Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki
Polskiej Akademii Nauk

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Elisabetta Salatelli

University of Bologna (IT)

Ostatnie publikacje
1.  Marinelli M., Candini A., Monti F., Boschi A., Zangoli M., Salatelli E., Pierini F., Lanzi M., Zanelli A., Gazzano M., Di Maria F., Push–pull thiophene-based small molecules with donor and acceptor units of varying strength for photovoltaic application: beyond P3HT and PCBM, Journal of Materials Chemistry C, ISSN: 2050-7526, DOI: 10.1039/d1tc02641k, pp.1-13, 2021

Streszczenie:
Here is reported an expedient synthesis implementing enabling technologies of a family of thiophene-based heptamers alternating electron donor (D) and acceptor (A) units in a D–A′–D–A–D–A′–D sequence. The nature of the peripheral A groups (benzothiadiazole vs. thienopyrrole-dione vs. thiophene-S,S-dioxide) and the strength of the donor units (alkyl vs. thioalkyl substituted thiophene ring) have been varied to finely tune the chemical-physical properties of the D–A oligomers, to affect the packing arrangement in the solid-state as well as to enhance the photovoltaic performances. The optoelectronic properties of all compounds have been studied by means of optical spectroscopy, electrochemistry, and density functional theory calculations. Electrochemical measurements and Kelvin probe force microscopy (KPFM) predicted a bifunctional behaviour for these oligomers, suggesting the possibility of using them as donor materials when blended with PCBM, and as acceptor materials when coupled with P3HT. Investigation of their photovoltaic properties confirmed this unusual characteristic, and it is shown that the performance can be tuned by the different substitution pattern. Furthermore, thanks to their ambivalent character, binary non-fullerene small-molecule organic solar cells with negligible values of HOMO and LUMO offsets were also fabricated, resulting in PCEs ranging between 2.54–3.96%.

Afiliacje autorów:
Marinelli M. - inna afiliacja
Candini A. - CNR-ISOF (IT)
Monti F. - CNR-ISOF (IT)
Boschi A. - CNR-ISOF (IT)
Zangoli M. - CNR-ISOF (IT)
Salatelli E. - University of Bologna (IT)
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN
Lanzi M. - University of Bologna (IT)
Zanelli A. - CNR-ISOF (IT)
Gazzano M. - CNR-ISOF (IT)
Di Maria F. - CNR-ISOF (IT)
140p.
2.  Lanzi M., Quadretti D., Marinelli M., Ziai Y., Salatelli E., Pierini F., Influence of the active layer structure on the photovoltaic performance of water-soluble polythiophene-based solar cells, Polymers, ISSN: 2073-4360, DOI: 10.3390/polym13101640, Vol.13, No.10, pp.1640-1-20, 2021

Streszczenie:
A new side-chain C60-fullerene functionalized thiophene copolymer bearing tributylphosphine-substituted hexylic lateral groups was successfully synthesized by means of a fast and effective post-polymerization reaction on a regioregular ω-alkylbrominated polymeric precursor. The growth of the polymeric intermediate was followed by NMR spectrometry in order to determine the most convenient reaction time. The obtained copolymer was soluble in water and polar solvents and was used as a photoactive layer in single-material organic photovoltaic (OPV) solar cells. The copolymer photovoltaic efficiency was compared with that of an OPV cell containing a water-soluble polythiophenic homopolymer, functionalized with the same tributylphosphine-substituted hexylic side chains, in a blend with a water-soluble C60-fullerene derivative. The use of a water-soluble double-cable copolymer made it possible to enhance the control on the nanomorphology of the active blend, thus reducing phase-segregation phenomena, as well as the macroscale separation between the electron acceptor and donor components. Indeed, the power conversion efficiency of OPV cells based on a single material was higher than that obtained with the classical architecture, involving the presence of two distinct ED and EA materials (PCE: 3.11% vs. 2.29%, respectively). Moreover, the synthetic procedure adopted to obtain single material-based cells is more straightforward and easier than that used for the preparation of the homopolymer-based BHJ solar cell, thus making it possible to completely avoid the long synthetic pathway which is required to prepare water-soluble fullerene derivatives.

Słowa kluczowe:
water-soluble polymers, double-cable copolymers, polythiophenes, GRIM polymerization, tributylphosphine, water-soluble fullerenes, OPVs

Afiliacje autorów:
Lanzi M. - University of Bologna (IT)
Quadretti D. - University of Bologna (IT)
Marinelli M. - IPPT PAN
Ziai Y. - IPPT PAN
Salatelli E. - University of Bologna (IT)
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN
100p.
3.  Nakielski P., Pawłowska S., Rinoldi C., Ziai Y., De Sio L., Urbanek O., Zembrzycki K., Pruchniewski M., Lanzi M., Salatelli E., Calogero A., Kowalewski T.A., Yarin A.L., Pierini F., Multifunctional platform based on electrospun nanofibers and plasmonic hydrogel: a smart nanostructured pillow for near-Infrared light-driven biomedical applications, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN: 1944-8244, DOI: 10.1021/acsami.0c13266, Vol.12, No.49, pp.54328-54342, 2020

Streszczenie:
Multifunctional nanomaterials with the ability torespond to near-infrared (NIR) light stimulation are vital for thedevelopment of highly efficient biomedical nanoplatforms with apolytherapeutic approach. Inspired by the mesoglea structure ofjellyfish bells, a biomimetic multifunctional nanostructured pillowwith fast photothermal responsiveness for NIR light-controlled on-demand drug delivery is developed. We fabricate a nanoplatformwith several hierarchical levels designed to generate a series ofcontrolled, rapid, and reversible cascade-like structural changesupon NIR light irradiation. The mechanical contraction of thenanostructured platform, resulting from the increase of temper-ature to 42°C due to plasmonic hydrogel−light interaction, causesa rapid expulsion of water from the inner structure, passing through an electrospun membrane anchored onto the hydrogel core. Themutual effects of the rise in temperature and waterflow stimulate the release of molecules from the nanofibers. To expand thepotential applications of the biomimetic platform, the photothermal responsiveness to reach the typical temperature level forperforming photothermal therapy (PTT) is designed. The on-demand drug model penetration into pig tissue demonstrates theefficiency of the nanostructured platform in the rapid and controlled release of molecules, while the high biocompatibility confirmsthe pillow potential for biomedical applications based on the NIR light-driven multitherapy strategy.

Słowa kluczowe:
bioinspired materials, NIR-light responsive nanomaterials, multifunctional platforms, electrospun nanofibers, plasmonic hydrogel, photothermal-based polytherapy, on-demand drug delivery

Afiliacje autorów:
Nakielski P. - IPPT PAN
Pawłowska S. - IPPT PAN
Rinoldi C. - IPPT PAN
Ziai Y. - IPPT PAN
De Sio L. - Sapienza University of Rome (IT)
Urbanek O. - IPPT PAN
Zembrzycki K. - IPPT PAN
Pruchniewski M. - inna afiliacja
Lanzi M. - University of Bologna (IT)
Salatelli E. - University of Bologna (IT)
Calogero A. - Sapienza University of Rome (IT)
Kowalewski T.A. - IPPT PAN
Yarin A.L. - Technion - Israel Institute of Technology (IL)
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN
200p.
4.  Lanzi M., Salatelli E., Marinelli M., Pierini F., Effect of photocrosslinking of D‐A thiophene copolymers on the performance of single‐material solar cells, Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, ISSN: 1022-1352, DOI: 10.1002/macp.201900433, Vol.221, No.2, pp.1900433-1-12, 2020

Streszczenie:
Side‐chain C60‐fullerene functionalized alkylthiophene copolymers with different regioregularity and fullerene content are successfully synthesized using a simple and straightforward post‐polymerization functionalization procedure based on a Grignard coupling reaction. The products are employed as single materials in photoactive layers of organic photovoltaic solar cells. The use of double‐cable polymers allows an enhanced control on the nanomorphology of the active blend, reducing the phase‐segregation phenomena as well as the macroscale separation between the electron acceptor and donor components. With the insertion of a thin layer of gold nanoparticles between buffer and active layer of the cells, a conversion efficiency of 5.68% is obtained. Moreover, an increased stability over time is achieved when the copolymers are photocrosslinked immediately after the annealing procedure, leading to acceptable efficiencies even after 80 h of accelerated ageing, a key feature for widespread applicability of the prepared devices.

Słowa kluczowe:
conjugated polymers, fullerenes, functionalization of polymers, metathesis

Afiliacje autorów:
Lanzi M. - University of Bologna (IT)
Salatelli E. - University of Bologna (IT)
Marinelli M. - inna afiliacja
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN
70p.
5.  Lanzi M., Salatelli E., Giorgini L., Marinelli M., Pierini F., Effect of the incorporation of an Ag nanoparticle interlayer on the photovoltaic performance of green bulk heterojunction water-soluble polythiophene solar cells, POLYMER, ISSN: 0032-3861, DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2018.07.012, Vol.149, pp.273-285, 2018

Streszczenie:
Two water-soluble regioregular poly(3-alkylthiophene)s, incorporating aminic groups at the end of the side chains, have been synthesized using a post-polymerization functionalization procedure on a ω-bromine substituted polyalkylthiophene. The high solubility of the obtained polymers in water allowed for the preparation of “green” bulk heterojunction solar cells which reached a power conversion efficiency of 4.85% when PC61BM was used as electron-acceptor material. Improved optical absorption and photocurrent have been obtained by interposing a layer of Ag nanoparticles between the buffer and the photoactive layer, leading to a final power conversion efficiency of 5.51%.

Słowa kluczowe:
Water-soluble polythiophene, Bulk heterojunction solar cell, Organic photovoltaic

Afiliacje autorów:
Lanzi M. - University of Bologna (IT)
Salatelli E. - University of Bologna (IT)
Giorgini L. - University of Bologna (IT)
Marinelli M. - inna afiliacja
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN
40p.
6.  Lanzi M., Salatelli E., Giorgini L., Mucci A., Pierini F., Di-Nicola F.P., Water-soluble polythiophenes as efficient charge-transport layers for the improvement of photovoltaic performance in bulk heterojunction polymeric solar cells, EUROPEAN POLYMER JOURNAL, ISSN: 0014-3057, DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2017.10.032, Vol.97, pp.378-388, 2017

Streszczenie:
Water-soluble regioregular poly{3-[(6-sodium sulfonate)hexyl]thiophene} (PT6S) and poly{3-[(6-trimethylammoniumbromide)hexyl]thiophene} (PT6N) have been synthesized and employed both as photoactive layers for the assembling of “green” bulk-heterojunction organic solar cells and as charge-collection layers in a cell with “classic” architecture. While the photovoltaic performances obtained with the two aforementioned polymers were lower than the reference cell, their latter use allowed to notably increase the inherent J-V properties, leading to a considerable enhancement in the overall photovoltaic output. The power conversion efficiency of the optimized multilayer BHJ solar cell reached 4.78%, revealing a higher efficiency than the reference cell (3.63%).

Słowa kluczowe:
Water-soluble polymer, Polythiophene derivative, Bulk heterojunction, Organic photovoltaic, Interfacial layer

Afiliacje autorów:
Lanzi M. - University of Bologna (IT)
Salatelli E. - University of Bologna (IT)
Giorgini L. - University of Bologna (IT)
Mucci A. - University of Modena (IT)
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN
Di-Nicola F.P. - University of Bologna (IT)
35p.
7.  Lanzi M., Salatelli E., Di-Nicola F.P., Zuppiroli L., Pierini F., A new photocrosslinkable oligothiophene for organic solar cells with enhanced stability, MATERIALS CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, ISSN: 0254-0584, DOI: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2016.10.034, Vol.186, pp.98-107, 2017

Streszczenie:
A novel thiophenic tetramer containing a cinnamate group in the side chain with a functionalization degree of 50% is reported. The tetramer was obtained by means of a simple and straightforward procedure involving the functionalization of a p-methoxyphenoxy substituted thiophenic precursor, which led to a soluble product with a good yield. The oligomer was fully characterized from a structural and chemical point of view and employed for the fabrication of small molecule organic solar cells exploiting the bulk heterojunction (BHJ) architecture. The presence of an UV-light sensitive group in the tetramer allowed the photocrosslinking of tetramer/PCBM blends, giving high values of photocurrent and conversion efficiency for the exposed samples. Moreover, the UV-treated devices showed improved stability, even upon heating for three days at 130 °C, thus confirming that photocrosslinking can strongly reduce phase segregation under severe operational conditions.

Słowa kluczowe:
electronic materials, polymers, fullerenes, nanostructures, electrical characterization, semiconductors

Afiliacje autorów:
Lanzi M. - University of Bologna (IT)
Salatelli E. - University of Bologna (IT)
Di-Nicola F.P. - University of Bologna (IT)
Zuppiroli L. - University of Bologna (IT)
Pierini F. - IPPT PAN
35p.

Abstrakty konferencyjne
1.  Pierini F., Nakielski P., Pawłowska S., Rinoldi C., Ziai Y., Urbanek-Świderska O., De Sio L., Calogero A., Lanzi M., Zembrzycki K., Pruchniewski M., Salatelli E., Kowalewski T.A., Yarin A., Nature-inspired smart drug delivery platforms based on electrospun nanofibers and plasmonic hydrogels for near-infrared light-controlled polytherapy, Polymer Connect, Polymer Science and Composite Materials Conference, 2020-02-26/02-28, LISBON (PT), pp.7, 2020

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