Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki
Polskiej Akademii Nauk

Pracownicy

dr inż. Robert Konowrocki

Zakład Technologii Inteligentnych (ZTI)
Pracownia Sterowania i Dynamiki Układów (PSiDU)
stanowisko: specjalista badawczo-techniczny
telefon: (+48) 22 826 12 81 wewn.: 319
pokój: 436
e-mail:

Doktorat
2007-04-10 Oddziaływanie koła z drogą z uwzględnieniem poślizgów bocznych 
promotor -- prof. dr hab. inż. Czesław Bajer, IPPT PAN
 
Promotor prac doktorskich
1.  2015-11-18
pomocniczy
Konop Jacek  
(PW)
Dynamika układu pojazd szynowy - tor 

Ostatnie publikacje
1.  Konowrocki R., Kalinowski D., Szolc T., Marczewski A., Identification of safety hazards and operating conditions of the low-floor tram with independently rotating wheels with various drive control configurations, EKSPLOATACJA I NIEZAWODNOŚĆ - MAINTENANCE AND RELIABILITY, ISSN: 1507-2711, DOI: 10.17531/ein.2021.1.3, Vol.23, No.1, pp.21-33, 2021

Streszczenie:
The aim of the article is to develop a method for the analysis of tram dynamics related to safety during operation. To achieve this, a mathematical model of the vehicle represented by a multibody simulation MBS system is used. Models of tram with a classic and innovative drive, based on a system of independently rotating wheels on crank axles are analyzed. A new configuration of an innovative drive control of the considered vehicle with the use of braking of independent wheels is proposed. A new geometry of test track is presented. During numerical investigation the values of 'Y' leading forces of tram wheels with the considered innovative drive proved to be lower than in the corresponding vehicle with standard wheelsets. It has been demonstrated that the active control systems are of key importance and should be applied in such innovative tram drives.

Słowa kluczowe:
maintenance of safety, reliability of trams, derailment of tramcar, numerical tests, drive with independently rotating wheel

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Kalinowski D. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
Marczewski A. - IPPT PAN
100p.
2.  Pisarski D., Konowrocki R., Jankowski Ł., Scalable distributed optimal control of vibrating modular structures, STRUCTURAL CONTROL AND HEALTH MONITORING, ISSN: 1545-2255, DOI: 10.1002/stc.2502, Vol.27, No.4, pp.e2502-1-21, 2020

Streszczenie:
A scalable optimal control method for structural vibration mitigation is studied. The method relies on a structure's partitioning that leads to a set of dynamically interconnected subsystems. Each subsystem is operated with an individual subcontroller that collects the local state information and collaborates with the neighboring subcontrollers to estimate a short time prediction of the interconnecting forces defining the subsystem's boundary conditions. Using the extended model that represents the subsystem's dynamics together with the evolution of its boundary conditions, each subcontroller computes the control decision based on the solution to a finite‐time horizon optimal control problem. In order to cope with the changes in the boundary conditions, the optimal solution is computed repetitively according to the receding horizon scheme. The method is validated numerically for a cantilever structure equipped with actively controlled electromagnetic actuators and subjected to a variety of initial condition scenarios. The performance of the designed controller is tested by comparisons to the centralized and isolated decentralized controllers. The introduced system partitioning and distributed controller allow performing parallel computing which makes the method fully scalable and applicable to large‐scale structures. The computational complexity of the designed distributed control is studied for different settings in the modeling of the subsystem's boundary conditions.

Słowa kluczowe:
active control, distributed control, modular structure, scalable optimization, stabilization

Afiliacje autorów:
Pisarski D. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Jankowski Ł. - IPPT PAN
140p.
3.  Pisarski D., Szmidt T., Konowrocki R., Decentralized semi‐active structural vibration control based on optimal system modelling, STRUCTURAL CONTROL AND HEALTH MONITORING, ISSN: 1545-2255, DOI: 10.1002/stc.2624, Vol.27, No.11, pp.e2624-1-20, 2020

Streszczenie:
The problem of decentralized semi‐active stabilization of vibration of a beam structure is studied. The decentralized controller's architecture is attained by means of optimal system modelling. In this approach, based on a specially designed and optimized set of basis functions, the solution to the continuous Euler-Bernoulli beam equation is approximated by a discrete system, where the mass and stiffness matrices ensure that the assumed stabilizing control law can be operated by using solely the local state information. The performance of the method is examined through numerical experiments for a series of free‐vibration scenarios with comparison to competitive decentralized and centralized control strategies. The performance impact of the selection of the parameters of the optimal system model is also studied. The designed method allows practical modular arrangements of the control system and is applicable to large‐scale structures.

Słowa kluczowe:
bilinear system, decentralized control, polynomial basis, semi-active control, stabilization

Afiliacje autorów:
Pisarski D. - IPPT PAN
Szmidt T. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
140p.
4.  Konowrocki R., Chojnacki A., Analysis of rail vehicles' operational reliability in the aspect of safety against derailment based on various methods of determining the assessment criterion, EKSPLOATACJA I NIEZAWODNOŚĆ - MAINTENANCE AND RELIABILITY, ISSN: 1507-2711, DOI: 10.17531/ein.2020.1.9, Vol.22, No.1, pp.73-85, 2020

Streszczenie:
The article features the results of computer and experimental research on operational issues in the aspect of safety in relation to a freight wagon derailment on a railway track. It presents the knowledge regarding the methods of assessing the operational safety of rail vehicles on railroad tracks for the purpose of comparative analysis. The theoretical analyses were performed based on several methods that assess the safety of their derailments, qualifying for operational reliability, comparing them with the results obtained from experimental research. For the purpose of the research, a computer model of rail vehicle- railway track was created. It took into consideration dynamic parameters of elements used in the real track and rail vehicle. The results obtained from theoretical analyses were validated with experimental tests carried out on real objects (freight vehicle - test track, freight wagon - test rig). As part of the research, new test track geometry for testing rail vehicles was proposed. The results obtained in this way allowed estimating the conditions threatening the operation of a freight vehicle while running on the test rail infrastructure with different assessment criteria and to compare them.

Słowa kluczowe:
operational safety, rail vehicle dynamics, derailment, experimental tests, numerical investigations

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Chojnacki A. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
100p.
5.  Wasilewski M., Pisarski D., Konowrocki R., Bajer C.I., A new efficient adaptive control of torsional vibrations induced by switched nonlinear disturbances, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCE, ISSN: 1641-876X, DOI: 10.2478/amcs-2019-0021, Vol.29, No.2, pp.285-303, 2019

Streszczenie:
Torsional vibrations induced in drilling systems are detrimental to the condition of the machine and to the effectiveness of the engineering process. The cause of vibrations is a nonlinear and unknown friction between a drill string and the environment, containing jumps in its characteristics. Nonlinear behaviour of the friction coefficient results in self-excited vibration and causes undesirable stick-slip oscillations. The aim of this paper is to present a novel adaptive technique of controlling vibrating systems. The scheme is based on the linear quadratic regulator and uses direct measurements of the friction torque to synthesize its linear dynamic approximation. This approach allows generating a control law that takes into account the impact of the friction on the system dynamics and optimally steers the system to the desired trajectory. The controller's performance is examined via numerical simulations of the stabilization of the drilling system. The proposed solution outperforms the comparative LQG regulator in terms of the minimization of the assumed cost functional and the overall stability of the control system under the nonlinear disturbance.

Słowa kluczowe:
vibration control, adaptive control, linear-quadratic-regulator, drilling control

Afiliacje autorów:
Wasilewski M. - IPPT PAN
Pisarski D. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Bajer C.I. - IPPT PAN
100p.
6.  Szmidt T., Pisarski D., Konowrocki R., Semi-active stabilisation of a pipe conveying fluid using eddy-current dampers: state-feedback control design, experimental validation, MECCANICA, ISSN: 0025-6455, DOI: 10.1007/s11012-019-00988-3, Vol.54, No.6, pp.761-777, 2019

Streszczenie:
An application of electromagnetic devices of the motional type (i.e. eddy-current dampers) to improve the dynamic stability of a cantilever pipe discharging fluid is proposed. When the flow velocity reaches a critical value, this system loses stability through the flutter. A contactless damping device is used. This actuator is made of a conducting plate attached to the pipe that moves together with it within the perpendicular magnetic field that is generated by the controlled electromagnets. During the motion the eddy currents in the plate and a resultant drag force of a viscous character are generated. First, an optimal control problem that aims to stabilise the system with the optimal rate of decrease of the system’s energy is posed and solved. Then a state-feedback parametrization of the obtained optimal control, which can be used in a closed-loop scheme is proposed. The effectiveness of the designed optimal controller is validated by making a comparison with the corresponding passive solutions on the specially designed and constructed experimental test stand of a pipe conveying air.

Słowa kluczowe:
fluid–structure interaction, electromagnetic device, eddy-current damper, optimal control, stabilisation, smart structure

Afiliacje autorów:
Szmidt T. - IPPT PAN
Pisarski D. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
100p.
7.  Szmidt T., Pisarski D., Konowrocki R., Awietjan S., Boczkowska A., Adaptive damping of a double-beam structure based on magnetorheological elastomer, SHOCK AND VIBRATION, ISSN: 1070-9622, DOI: 10.1155/2019/8526179, Vol.2019, pp.8526179-1-16, 2019

Streszczenie:
A method of vibration reduction based on activation of an MRE block that couples twin cantilever beams at their free ends is investigated. Four types of magnetorheological elastomers have been manufactured, and their rheological properties in a range of magnetic field intensities are established. Free vibrations of several double-beam structures with controllable damping members made of these MREs are investigated, and a method of semiactive control of such structures is proposed. The effects of compression of the elastomers and alignment of the magnets used to activate them are reported. The mathematical modeling of the system is verified experimentally.

Afiliacje autorów:
Szmidt T. - IPPT PAN
Pisarski D. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Awietjan S. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Boczkowska A. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
70p.
8.  Pisarski D., Konowrocki R., Szmidt T., Dynamics and optimal control of an electromagnetically actuated cantilever pipe conveying fluid, JOURNAL OF SOUND AND VIBRATION, ISSN: 0022-460X, DOI: 10.1016/j.jsv.2018.06.045, Vol.432, pp.420-436, 2018

Streszczenie:
This paper deals with the problem of applying electromagnetic devices of the motional type to improve the dynamic stability of a pipe conveying air. When the flow velocity reaches a critical value, the steady equilibrium position becomes unstable, and self-excited lateral vibrations arise. In contrast, electromagnetic devices of the transformer type have been demonstrated to be highly effective in the passive stabilization of such a system, as well as the active stabilization of similar non-conservative systems with a follower force. In the present paper, we apply a pair of motional devices made of a conducting plate which is attached to the pipe and moves together with it within the perpendicular magnetic field generated by the controlled electromagnets. This motion generates eddy currents in the plates and a drag force of a viscous character. In this setting, we first investigate the possibility of designing a stabilizing control within the region of the magnetic field where every passive solution results in an unstable or conservative state. For that purpose, we determine a practical condition justifying the existence of a stabilizing control for a given set of system parameters. Later we pose and solve an optimal control problem aiming at stabilizing the system with the optimal rate of decrease of the system's energy. The solution is examined by means of numerical simulations performed within the three regions of the flow velocity: low subcritical, where the Coriolis acceleration of the conveyed fluid generates the predominate damping force; high subcritical, where the inertia of the fluid begins to dominate the dynamics of the system; and low supercritical,where unstable flutter vibrations start to arise. The effectiveness of the designed optimal controller is validated by comparisons with the corresponding passive solutions.

Słowa kluczowe:
fluid–structure interaction, electromagnetic device, optimal control, stabilization, smart structure

Afiliacje autorów:
Pisarski D. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Szmidt T. - IPPT PAN
35p.
9.  Chudzikiewicz A., Bogacz R., Kostrzewski M., Konowrocki R., Condition monitoring of railway track systems by using acceleration signals on wheelset axle-boxes, Transport, ISSN: 1648-4142, DOI: 10.3846/16484142.2017.1342101, Vol.33, No.2, pp.555-566, 2018

Streszczenie:
The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the possibilities of estimating the track condition using axle-boxes and car-bodies motions described by acceleration signals. In the paper, the results presented indicate the condition of tracks obtained from the preliminary investigation on the test track. Furthermore, the results from the supervised runs (on Polish Railway Lines) of electric multiple unit (EMU-ED74) with the prototype of track quality monitoring system installed on-board are described. As track quality indicator (TQI) algorithm, used in the mentioned prototype, a modified Karhunen–Loève transformation is used in preliminary preparing acceleration signals. The transformation is used to extract the principal dynamics from measurement data. Obtained results are compared to other methods of evaluating the geometrical track quality, namely methods which apply the Jsynth Synthetic Coefficient and Five Parameters of Defectiveness W5. The results from the investigation showed that track condition estimation is possible with acceptable accuracy for in-service use and for defining cost-effective maintenance strategies.

Słowa kluczowe:
railway track monitoring, wheel–rail interaction, track quality indicator, acceleration signals, experimental investigation, track degradation.

Afiliacje autorów:
Chudzikiewicz A. - inna afiliacja
Bogacz R. - IPPT PAN
Kostrzewski M. - inna afiliacja
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
20p.
10.  Konowrocki R., Zbieć A., Influence of correctness of running gear assembly on freight wagon wheels’ wear, Machine Dynamics Research, ISSN: 2080-9948, Vol.47, No.1, pp.27-39, 2018

Streszczenie:
The paper presents an analysis of a newly diagnosed cause of wheel thread wear in a freight wagon and also possible other causes of abnormal wear of wheels in freight wagon wheelsets are mentioned. Newly diagnosed cause for excessive wear of the railway wheel thread is an incorrect position of wheelsets in relation to the bogie frame. The paper presents results of measurements carried out on a real freight wagon to get identification of wheels’ wear and geometry of vehicle components. In order to analyze the influence of incorrectly positioned wheelset axles on the degree of wheel wear a numerical model of a freight wagon was developed. Numerical calculations at various speeds of wagon and several versions of wheelsets skew position were carried out. The results obtained from numerical tests i.e. a significant influence of non-parallel axles of wheelsets on abnormal wear of wheel threads are shown. Conclusions drawn from the computation results can be very useful at a running gear repairs as well as helpful in a regular maintenance process. It will also reduce the costs of repairs of wheelsets and extend their service life.

Słowa kluczowe:
experimental and numerical tests, contact interaction, running gear, railway wheel thread wear

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Zbieć A. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
14p.
11.  Michajłow M., Jankowski Ł., Szolc T., Konowrocki R., Semi-active reduction of vibrations in the mechanical system driven by an electric motor, OPTIMAL CONTROL APPLICATIONS & METHODS, ISSN: 0143-2087, DOI: 10.1002/oca.2297, Vol.38, No.6, pp.922-933, 2017

Streszczenie:
In this paper, a semi-active damping approach is used for reduction of vibrations in a laboratory drivetrain system. The considered drivetrain system is powered by an electric, asynchronous motor at the one side and loaded with a harmonically varying torque on the other side. Here, an influence of electromechanical interaction, i.e., an electromechanical coupling, between the electric motor and the mechanical system has been taken into consideration. The harmonic load signal induces torsional vibrations in the system, which in the steady-state phase of motion become periodic. The aim of the work is to determine the optimal control function for a semi-active damping element, leading to vibration reduction and considering only the steady-state phase of system motion. The optimal control is derived by using a semi-analytical approach based on the optimal control theory aided with supplementary numerical computations. The proposed methodology is fully general, and it can be directly applied to any type of a periodically oscillating system.

Słowa kluczowe:
electric motor, electromechanical coupling, optimal control, periodic torsional vibrations, semi-active damping

Afiliacje autorów:
Michajłow M. - IPPT PAN
Jankowski Ł. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
30p.
12.  Konowrocki R., Walczak S., Influence of Flexibility Parameters of Wheels and Wheelset on the Railway Bogie Dynamics -Experimental and Theoretical Investigations, Machine Dynamics Research, ISSN: 2080-9948, Vol.41, No.1, pp.129-142, 2017

Streszczenie:
The paper is devoted to the experimental and theoretical analysis of wheelset elastic properties on the railway vehicle-track interaction. Results of experimental measurements of stiffness components of wheelsets obtained by a new measurement method are shown. Some types of wheelsets are considered with different wheel-disk design. For the theoretical analysis of bending and torsional flexibility of the wheel and wheelset are used. To numerical modeling of the considered wheels and wheelsets models the Finite Element Method (FEM) are applied. Simulation of dynamic interaction between a railway bogie and a curved sector of track in the rigid multibody systems method (VI-Rail software) is modeled. Exemplary simulations results obtained from the bogie-track system model using flexible and rigid model of the wheel and wheelset are presented.

Słowa kluczowe:
experimental tests, contact force, measurement, bending wheelset, torsional flexibility wheel

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Walczak S. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
14p.
13.  Konowrocki R., Szolc T., Pochanke A., Pręgowska A., An influence of the stepping motor control and friction models on precise positioning of the complex mechanical system, MECHANICAL SYSTEMS AND SIGNAL PROCESSING, ISSN: 0888-3270, DOI: 10.1016/j.ymssp.2015.09.030, Vol.70-71, pp.397-413, 2016

Streszczenie:
This paper aims to investigate, both experimentally and theoretically, the electromechanical dynamic interaction between a driving stepping motor and a driven laboratory belt-transporter system. A test-rig imitates the operation of a robotic device in the form of a working tool-carrier under translational motion. The object under consideration is equipped with measurement systems, which enable the registration of electrical and mechanical quantities. Analytical considerations are performed by means of a circuit model of the electric motor and a discrete, non-linear model of the mechanical system. Various scenarios of the working tool-carrier motion and positioning by the belt-transporter are measured and simulated; in all cases the electric current control of the driving motor has been applied. The main goal of this study is to investigate the influence of the stepping motor control parameters along with various mechanical friction models on the precise positioning of a laboratory robotic device.

Słowa kluczowe:
Belt transporter system, Precise positioning, Stepping motor, Current control, Experimental verification

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
Pochanke A. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Pręgowska A. - IPPT PAN
45p.
14.  Konowrocki R., Szolc T., An analysis of the self-excited torsional vibrations of the electromechanical drive system, VIBRATIONS IN PHYSICAL SYSTEMS, ISSN: 0860-6897, Vol.27, pp.187-194, 2016

Streszczenie:
This paper presents a dynamic analysis of torsional vibrations of the railway drive system. A dynamic electromechanical drive model has been created and then integrated with the railway wheelset-rail system to simulate self-excited torsional vibrations of the considered system. Results of this analysis are used in order to investigate the drive system’s sensitivity to torsional oscillations. Here, the dynamic electromechanical interaction between the electric driving motor and the rotating wheelset is considered. This investigation has proved that the torsional stiffness and damping of drivetrain system strongly affect amplitudes of the self-excited vibrations. A self-excited vibrations affecting on an energy consumption of the electric motor of the considered system are studied.

Słowa kluczowe:
torsional vibrations, electromechanical coupling, wheel-rail adhesion, wheelset drivetrain dynamic

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
5p.
15.  Michajłow M., Konowrocki R., Szolc T., A semi-active control of lateral vibrations of the overhung rotor using dampers with the magneto-rheological fluid, VIBRATIONS IN PHYSICAL SYSTEMS, ISSN: 0860-6897, Vol.27, pp.274-280, 2016

Streszczenie:
In the paper there is proposed an algorithm of an efficient semi-active control of steady-state periodic lateral vibrations of the overhung rotor-shaft system. This algorithm has been developed using fundamentals of the Optimal Control Theory. In the considered system the control is realized by means of the linear dampers withthe magneto-rheological fluid built in the bearing housing. The computational example demonstrates possibilities of the applied approach resulting in an additional reduction of out-of-resonance and near resonance harmonic oscillation amplitudes in comparison withan analogous passive control.

Słowa kluczowe:
overhung rotor-shaft, lateral vibrations, semi-active control, Optimal Control Theory

Afiliacje autorów:
Michajłow M. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
5p.
16.  Michajłow M., Szolc T., Jankowski Ł., Konowrocki R., Semi-Active Reduction of Vibrations of Periodically Oscillating System, Solid State Phenomena, ISSN: 1662-9779, DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.248.111, Vol.248, pp.111-118, 2016

Streszczenie:
Periodical vibrations are common phenomenon affecting a wide range of mechanical systems. Most frequently it affects machines designed to work in a steady-state conditions like: turbine, pump, rail vehicle, etc. In those kinds of machines it is always possible to decompose the system motion to basic average-speed constant component and oscillatory component. Usually the second term is treated as undesirable and various techniques are applied in order to minimize it as far as it is possible. These techniques refers to both the hardware selection – meaning the type of damping system (active, semi-active, passive) and the control method selection – meaning the damping system control method. Concerning the control methods, there are many algorithms available in literature devoted to transient systems. One of typical application is to use them in systems experiencing sudden, external force excitation. After destabilization of the system, caused by excitation, the role of the control algorithm is to restore the system stable position and additionally to reach the extreme of some additional criterion. Typical criterions are minimization of the time, of restoring the stable position, minimizing the consumed control energy, etc. On the other hand, considering the steady-state systems, especially based on semi-active damping elements, there are not so many control methods available.This paper focuses on developing the proper methodology for deriving the optimal control strategy of semi-active damping element, to be used in periodically vibrating mechanical system. The control strategy is developed on the basis of the Optimal Control Theory. Numerical computations are involved in order to solve the optimal control problem for the considered test system. Problem solution reveals the periodical nature of optimal control function.

Słowa kluczowe:
Optimal Control Theory, Periodical Vibrations, Vibration Reduction

Afiliacje autorów:
Michajłow M. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
Jankowski Ł. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
17.  Konowrocki R., Pręgowska A., Szolc T., Experimental and numerical investigations for the controlled rotary damper dynamically interacting with the electromechanical rotating system, SOLID STATE PHENOMENA, ISSN: 1012-0394, DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.240.198, Vol.240, pp.198-205, 2016

Streszczenie:
In the paper dynamic electromechanical coupling between the structural model of the rotating machine drive system and the circuit model of the asynchronous motor has been investigated. By means of the computer model of the rotating machine drive system the results of experimental testing have been confirmed. From the obtained results of computations and measurements it follows that the coupling between the considered rotating system and the installed rotary dampers with the magneto-rheological fluid (MRF) results in effective energy dissipation leading to significant reduction of undesired torsional vibrations.

Słowa kluczowe:
Electromechanical Coupling, Machine Drive Systems, Rotary MRF Actuator, Torsional Vibrations, Wavelet Transform (WT)

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Pręgowska A. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
18.  Dyniewicz B., Konowrocki R., Bajer C.I., Intelligent adaptive control of the vehicle-span/track system, MECHANICAL SYSTEMS AND SIGNAL PROCESSING, ISSN: 0888-3270, DOI: 10.1016/j.ymssp.2014.12.007, Vol.58-59, pp.1-14, 2015

Streszczenie:
This paper presents the strategy of semi-active damping of vibrations of a beam span subjected to a moving load. Intermediate supports as controlled dampers significantly decrease transverse displacements in comparison with a system with permanently active dampers. The gain can reach 40% in the case of high speed loads. In a real structure with a load moving at 3 m/s, considered in this paper, the improvement is about 10%. The control is determined by a minimization procedure. Numerical simulations are confirmed experimentally on a stand with a length of 4 m. Controlled dampers can be replaced with an intelligent material. The potential applications are in transport or robotics.

Słowa kluczowe:
Moving inertial load, Intelligent adaptive control, Semi-active damping, Beam vibration

Afiliacje autorów:
Dyniewicz B. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Bajer C.I. - IPPT PAN
40p.
19.  Bogacz R., Czyczuła W., Konowrocki R., Effect of periodicity of railway track and wheel–rail interaction on wheelset–track dynamics, ARCHIVE OF APPLIED MECHANICS, ISSN: 0939-1533, DOI: 10.1007/s00419-014-0981-4, Vol.85, pp.1321-1330, 2015

Streszczenie:
The paper deals with the investigation of some phenomena which are essential for dynamic interaction of a wheelset or bogie with the railways track. The track is modeled as discrete–continuous system composed of rails, fastening systems and sleepers interacting with ballast by means of viscous–elastic elements. Transient and stationary problems are investigated. The stationary periodic problems are connected with wave propagation in stopping bound, passing bound and mistuning. In this paper, a review of selected problems and exemplary results of simulation and experimental investigations is given supplemented by a few results of analysis and simulation.

Słowa kluczowe:
Moving load, Resonance, Periodicity, Passing band, Mistuning

Afiliacje autorów:
Bogacz R. - inna afiliacja
Czyczuła W. - Cracow University of Technology (PL)
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
20p.
20.  Szolc T., Konowrocki R., Michajłow M., Pręgowska A., An investigation of the dynamic electromechanical coupling effects in machine drive systems driven by asynchronous motors, MECHANICAL SYSTEMS AND SIGNAL PROCESSING, ISSN: 0888-3270, DOI: 10.1016/j.ymssp.2014.04.004, Vol.49, pp.118-134, 2014

Streszczenie:
In the paper dynamic electromechanical interaction between the rotating machine drive system and the electric driving motor is considered. The investigations are performed by means of the circuit model of the asynchronous motor as well as using an advanced structural hybrid model of the drive system. Using the analytical solutions applied for the electrical and the mechanical systems the electromagnetic stiffness and coefficient of damping, both generated by the electric motor rotationally interacting with the mechanical system of the given dynamic properties, were determined. By means of experimentally validated computational responses obtained for torsional harmonic excitation induced by the driven machine working tool, a modification of dynamic properties of the mechanical system by the electromagnetic flux between the stator and the rotor has been studied.

Słowa kluczowe:
Machine drive system, Asynchronous motor, Electromechanical coupling

Afiliacje autorów:
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Michajłow M. - IPPT PAN
Pręgowska A. - IPPT PAN
40p.
21.  Bogacz R., Czyczuła W., Konowrocki R., Influence of Sleepers Shape and Configuration on Track-Train Dynamics, SHOCK AND VIBRATION, ISSN: 1070-9622, DOI: 10.1155/2014/393867, Vol.2014, pp.393867-1-7, 2014

Streszczenie:
The paper is devoted to the study of dynamical behaviour of railway tracks as continuous systems (rails) supported by periodically spaced sleepers and subjected to moving concentrated loads. Several cases of dynamical problems, where elastically supported beams are excited by a moving concentrated force, are considered. In particular, the study is focused on interactions with structure periodic in the space. Results on one-dimensional structures are extended to the case of a two-dimensional system. The problems of stopping bands, passing bands, and mistuning are also mentioned.

Słowa kluczowe:
railway track, moving load, dubble sleepers, vibration

Afiliacje autorów:
Bogacz R. - inna afiliacja
Czyczuła W. - Cracow University of Technology (PL)
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
20p.
22.  Konowrocki R., Kukulski J., Walczak S., Groll W., Dystrybucja energii cieplnej w elementach układu hamulcowego pojazdów dużych prędkości, Pojazdy Szynowe, ISSN: 0138-0370, Vol.2, No.suplement na płycie CD, pp.1-14, 2014

Streszczenie:
Artykuł poświęcony jest badaniom rozkładu ciepła wywołanego tarciem w ukła-dach hamulcowych stosowanego w pojazdach szynowych dużej prędkości. W pracy zapre-zentowano wyniki eksperymentalnych badań przeprowadzone na rzeczywistym obiekcie w skali 1:1. Nowością w pracy jest fakt analizy układu hamulcowego, w którym para cierna charakteryzowała się segmentacją powierzchni ciernej okładziny o dwóch materiałach ciernych. Materiałami tymi był kompozyt i spiek. W pracy przedstawiono także teoretyczną analizę i wyniki numeryczne ilustrujące dystrybucję ciepła w elementach modelu tarczy hamulcowej. Wykorzystano w tym celu na metodę elementów skończonych.

Słowa kluczowe:
systemy hamulcowe dużych prędkości, ciepło tarcia, okładzina hamulcowa spiekana-kompozytowa

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Kukulski J. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
Walczak S. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
Groll W. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
3p.
23.  Kostrzewski M., Konowrocki R., Ocena stanu wybranych odcinków toru testowego z wykorzystaniem wskaźnika jakości toru, Pojazdy Szynowe, ISSN: 0138-0370, Vol.2, No.suplement na płycie CD, pp.1-17, 2014

Streszczenie:
Artykuł dotyczy zagadnień monitorowania oddziaływań układu pojazd-tor w czasie eksploatacji. Oddziaływania te pochodzą od dynamiki pojazdu jak również od kinematycznych wymuszeń stanowiących efekt niedoskonałości toru. Praca zawiera opis badań eksperymentalnych na rzeczywistym obiekcie kolejowych, na podstawie których rozpatrywany jest wskaźnik określający jakość toru. W artykule przybliżono także monitorowanie z funkcją diagnozowania układu pojazd szynowy – tor. Zaprezentowano prototyp systemu monitorowania układu pojazd szynowy – tor. Zagadnienia rozpatrywane w artykule mają na celu rozpoznanie miejsc występowania zaburzeń na szlaku kolejowym oraz wskazania rodzaju tejże niedoskonałości infrastruktury. Wykorzystanie wskaźnika jakości toru po-winno prowadzić do określenia stanu toru, tj. globalnej oceny toru oraz wybranych jego parametrów. W artykule ograniczono się do omówienia wyników badań na doświadczalnym torze badawczym. W treści artykułu podano wstępne propozycje klasyfikacji stanu toru oparte na jakości oddziaływania pojazdu szynowego z torem oraz zaproponowano dalsze kierunki badań dotyczących tego zagadnienia.

Słowa kluczowe:
oddziaływanie dynamiczne pojazd-tor, wskaźnik jakości toru, stan toru

Afiliacje autorów:
Kostrzewski M. - inna afiliacja
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
3p.
24.  Pręgowska A., Konowrocki R., Szolc T., Analysis of rotating systems using actuators with magnetorheological fluid to vibration minimization – theoretical and experimental investigation, Symulacja w Badaniach i Rozwoju, ISSN: 2081-6154, Vol.5, No.3, pp.191-198, 2014

Streszczenie:
The analysis of damped rotating systems using actuators with magnetorheological fluid is the subject of interest. The main purpose of this research is minimization of vibration amplitudes in order to increase fatigue durability of the most responsible machine elements. Here, control damping torques are generated by magnetorheological fluid of adjustable viscosity.
The theoretical investigations are based on a hybrid and finite element structural model (FEM) of the mechanical structure as well as on sensitivity analysis of the response with respect to the actuators damping characteristics. The analysis performed in the paper combines experimental verification using the laboratory test rig with theoretical computations.

Słowa kluczowe:
rotating systems, torsional vibrations, actuators with a magnetorheological fluid, rotary actuators

Afiliacje autorów:
Pręgowska A. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
25.  Pręgowska A., Konowrocki R., Szolc T., On the semi-active control method for torsional vibrations in electro-mechanical systems by means of rotary actuators with a magneto-rheological fluid, JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL AND APPLIED MECHANICS, ISSN: 1429-2955, Vol.51, No.4, pp.979-992, 2013

Streszczenie:
The aim of this paper is to present a method of the semi-active control of torsional vibrations in a working machine drive system by means of rotary actuators with a magneto-rheological fluid. The simple open-loop control strategy is proposed for a mechanical system vibrating in steady-state operating conditions. This semi-active control approach is based on the principle of optimum viscous damping and frictional properties realized by the magneto-rheological fluid, where its respective parameters are determined by the applied control electric currents. The analysis is performed theoretically by means of structural electro-mechanical models of the considered drive system as well as experimentally using a laboratory test rig in the form of a rotor-shaft system co-operating with two asynchronous motors generating properly programmed driving and retarding electro-magnetic torques

Słowa kluczowe:
semi-active control, torsional vibrations, magneto-rheological rotary dampers

Afiliacje autorów:
Pręgowska A. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
15p.
26.  Konop J., Konowrocki R., On Evaluation of the Wheelsets-Track Interaction Quality in Railway Engineering, Machine Dynamics Research, ISSN: 2080-9948, Vol.37, No.4, pp.5-14, 2013

Streszczenie:
The paper is devoted to the evaluation of wheel-rail interaction quality and possibility of utilize of acceleration measurement for the determination of quality of tracks. After review of methods used for this purpose in Germany, Austria and other countries, the proposal used for experimental investigation by PESA S.A. will be reported and some theoretical analysis for the track quality evaluation will be given.

Słowa kluczowe:
railway wheel, railway track, monitoring, wheel-rail dynamics

Afiliacje autorów:
Konop J. - inna afiliacja
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
6p.
27.  Pręgowska A., Konowrocki R., Szolc T., Semi-active vibration control using a rotary magnetorheological damper – experimental verification, POMIARY - AUTOMATYKA - ROBOTYKA. PAR, ISSN: 1427-9126, Vol.2, pp.487-491, 2013

Streszczenie:
From all kinds of vibrations, torsional ones are very important as naturally associated with fundamental rotational drive system motion. The aim of this paper is to present semi-active control of torsional vibrations of the working machine drive systems, which is performed using a rotary damper with the magnetorheological fluid. The main purpose of this research is vibration amplitudes minimization in order to increase fatigue durability of the most responsible machine elements. The special control strategies are proposed for steady-state torsional vibrations suppression. The semi-active control method is based on a principle of determinational optimum current damping coefficient values, which is realized by the magneto-rheological fluid application. The analysis performed in the paper combines experimental verification using the laboratory test rig with theoretical computations. This experiment was designed in the form of the laboratory drive system co-operating with two asynchronous motors generating properly programmed driving and retarding electromagnetic torques.

Słowa kluczowe:
semi-active control, torsional vibrations, rotary dampers, magnetorheological fluid, electromechanical drive system

Afiliacje autorów:
Pręgowska A. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
4p.
28.  Bogacz R., Konowrocki R., On new effects of wheel-rail interaction, ARCHIVE OF APPLIED MECHANICS, ISSN: 0939-1533, Vol.82, pp.1313-1323, 2012

Streszczenie:
The paper is devoted to the experimental, theoretical analysis and computer simulation of influence of elastic properties of contact stiffness and wheel-plate stiffness on the forces of vehicle-track interaction. Three types of wheels are considered with different contact stiffness and wheel-plate design. Exemplary simulation of freight car interaction with track which posses one corrugated rail for each type of wheel is presented.

Słowa kluczowe:
Contact stiffness, Rail corrugation, Elastic wheel, Wheel-rail interaction, Simulation

Afiliacje autorów:
Bogacz R. - inna afiliacja
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
20p.
29.  Michajłow M., Konowrocki R., Szolc T., Vibration control of the rotating machine geared drive system using linear actuators with the magneto-rheological fluid, VIBRATIONS IN PHYSICAL SYSTEMS, ISSN: 0860-6897, Vol.25, pp.279-284, 2012

Streszczenie:
In this paper there is proposed a semi-active control technique based on the linear actuators with the magneto-rheological fluid (MRF) connecting the drive system planetary gear housing with the immovable rigid support. Here, control damping torques are generated by means of the magneto-rheological fluid of adjustable viscosity. Such actuators can effectively suppress amplitudes of severe transient and steady-state rotational fluctuations of the gear housing position and in this way they are able to minimize dangerous oscillations of dynamic torques transmitted by successive shaft segments in the entire drive system. The general purpose of the considerations is to control torsional vibrations of the real power-station coal-pulverizer geared drive system driven by means of the asynchronous motor. The investigations have been carried out using the experimental test rig based on the real object, where the measurement results were compared with analogous theoretical ones obtained by the use of computer simulations.

Słowa kluczowe:
torsional vibrations, magneto-rheological dampers, semi-active control

Afiliacje autorów:
Michajłow M. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
30.  Pręgowska A., Konowrocki R., Szolc T., Experimental verification of the semi-active control concepts for torsional vibrations of the electro-mechanical system using rotary magneto-rheological actuators, VIBRATIONS IN PHYSICAL SYSTEMS, ISSN: 0860-6897, Vol.25, pp.329-334, 2012

Streszczenie:
In the paper semi-active control of torsional vibrations of the rotating machine drive system driven by an electric motor is performed by means of rotary actuators with the magneto-rheological fluid. The main purpose of these studies is a minimisation of vibration amplitudes in order to increase the fatigue durability of the most responsible elements, assure possibly precise motion of the driven machine working tool as well as to reduce a generated noise level. For suppression of steady-state torsional vibrations excited by dynamic external torques generated by the motor and by the driven object there are proposed control strategies based on a principle of optimum current damping coefficient values realized by the magneto-rheological fluid. The theoretical control concepts are experimentally verified using the laboratory test rig in the form of drive system co-operating with two asynchronous motors generating properly programmed driving and retarding electromagnetic torques.

Słowa kluczowe:
semi-active control, torsional vibrations, rotary actuators, magneto-rheological fluid

Afiliacje autorów:
Pręgowska A. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
31.  Konowrocki R., Bogacz R., Numerical analysis of vibration in a brake system for high speed train, VIBRATIONS IN PHYSICAL SYSTEMS, ISSN: 0860-6897, Vol.25, pp.235-240, 2012

Streszczenie:
The paper is devoted to a computer simulation of brake pad/brake disc dynamic interaction. The main purpose of the studies is a numerical analysis of friction pair dynamics, aiming at describe generation of vibration related to the process of transition phenomena associated with braking. To investigation will be used environment of Automatic Dynamic Analysis of Mechanical Systems. In the analysis is used two-dimensional friction model. The results show the slip-stick and creep phenomenon

Słowa kluczowe:
vibrations excited by friction, self-excited of vibrations, slip-stick, creepage

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Bogacz R. - inna afiliacja
32.  Dyniewicz B., Pisarski D., Konowrocki R., Semi-active control of track subjected to an inertial moving load, VIBRATIONS IN PHYSICAL SYSTEMS, ISSN: 0860-6897, Vol.25, pp.147-152, 2012

Streszczenie:
The paper deals with the problem of stabilization of vibrations of the load carrying structure via adaptive damping performed with a smart material. The properties of such a material must ensure reduction of vibrations, especially accelerations and displacements of selected stationary or follower points in a higher range than in the case of the material with homogeneous bilateral characteristics. Analytical calculations and numerical simulations proved the efficiency of the approach. Results obtained with the testing system equipped with magnetorheological controlled dampers will allow us to prove experimentally assumed control strategies and rheological properties of the filling material.

Słowa kluczowe:
control, moving inertial load, vibrations, smart materials

Afiliacje autorów:
Dyniewicz B. - IPPT PAN
Pisarski D. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
33.  Konowrocki R., Bajer C.I., Vibrations of railroad due to the passage of the underground train, ARCHIVES OF TRANSPORT, ISSN: 0866-9546, Vol.22, No.1, pp.61-82, 2010

Streszczenie:
In the paper we present results of vibration measurements in the train and on the base of the railroad in tunnels of Warsaw Underground. Measurements were performed at straight and curved sections of the track. The paper is focused on the influence of the lateral slip in rail/wheel contact zone on the generation of vibrations and a noise. Vibrations were analyzed in terms of accelerations, velocities or displacements as a function of time and frequency. Results ware compared with the experiment of rolling of the wheel with lateral sleep. In both cases we observed double periodic oscillations.

Słowa kluczowe:
dynamic train-track interaction, ground borne vibrations, curved and straight track, rolling

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Bajer C.I. - IPPT PAN
6p.
34.  Konowrocki R., Bajer C.I., Friction rolling with lateral slip in rail vehicles, JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL AND APPLIED MECHANICS, ISSN: 1429-2955, Vol.47, No.2, pp.275-293, 2009

Streszczenie:
The paper deals with the dynamic phenomena accompanying the wheel rolling over a road (rail, track), with lateral slip effects. They occur in rol-ling of a wheel and wheelset on a straight track in the case of lateral load and especially on curves. Different curvature radii and rotary oscillations of wheelsets result in skew rolling and, in turn, in lateral slip oscillation in the contact zone between the wheel and rail. It significantly increases noise and wear in real structures. Double periodicity of motion was de-tected in an underground train. Hitherto, this phenomenon has not been reported in the literature. Experimental investigation was performed on a test stand for various parameters: the angle of skew rolling, velocity and contact pressure. Results were related to a two degree-of-freedom the-oretical system. In the case of steel/polyester and polyamide/polyester friction pair, qualitatively similar results were obtained.

Słowa kluczowe:
rolling, friction, lateral slip, wheel-rail interaction

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Bajer C.I. - IPPT PAN
9p.
35.  Sekuła K., Konowrocki R., Dębowski T., Badania nowego typu systemu ważenia pojazdów drogowych w ruchu, DROGI I MOSTY, ISSN: 1643-1618, Vol.8, No.3, pp.69-88, 2009

Streszczenie:
W pracy zaprezentowano wstępną ocenę nowej metodologii stosowanej do identyfikacji obciążeń wywieranych przez przejeżdżające pojazdy na nawierzchnię drogi. Proponowane rozwiązanie opiera się na pomiarze lokalnych odkształceń powstałych na powierzchni detektora nacisku. Celem jest rozwój koncepcji oraz sprawdzenie nowego typu dynamicznej wagi drogowej oraz algorytmu rozwiązania zagadnienia odwrotnego. Przyjętą koncepcję wstępnie sprawdzono wykorzystując metodę elementów skończonych. Przeprowadzono też testy laboratoryjne proponowanego urządzenia. Uzyskano dzięki temu wstępne dane do kalibracji urządzenia. Ważnym zagadnieniem było sprawdzenie czynników wpływających na identyfikację obciążeń. Skuteczność rozwiązania sprawdzono w badaniach doświadczalnych wstępnej wersji urządzenia w warunkach drogowych.

Słowa kluczowe:
ważenie pojazdów w ruchu, identyfikacja obciążeń, czujniki piezoelektryczne, badania eksperymentalne

Afiliacje autorów:
Sekuła K. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Dębowski T. - IPPT PAN
6p.
36.  Konowrocki R., Analiza ruchu poprzecznego torowiska wywołanego przejazdem pojazdów szynowych na łuku i na odcinku prostym, DROGI I MOSTY, ISSN: 1643-1618, Vol.8, No.4, pp.43-69, 2009

Streszczenie:
W pracy podjęto tematykę dynamicznego oddziaływania pojazdów szynowych na tor, z uwzględnieniem zagadnienia drgań bocznych infrastruktury kolejowej wywoływanej przejazdem pojazdu szynowego. Na podstawie pomiarów zarejestrowanych w rzeczywistych obiektach kolejowych oraz na eksperymentalnym stanowisku laboratoryjnym wykazano istnienie drgań dwuokresowych w kierunku prostopadłym do płaszczyzny toczącego się koła. Zjawisko to nie było dotąd badane i przedstawiane w literaturze przez innych badaczy. Pojawia się ono m.in. przy obciążeniu bocznym pociągu oraz na łukach toru. Używając model numeryczny pojazdu szynowego, stworzony w programie Vi-Rail, wykorzystujący elementy wieloczłonowe (multibody system), uzyskano odpowiedź dynamiczną o charakterze zbliżonym jakościowo do zarejestrowanych w obiektach rzeczywistych i w laboratorium. Zaprezentowane w pracy wyniki oraz ich analiza mogą zainteresować badaczy zajmujących się transportem szynowym, kontaktem tocznym i zużyciem kół i szyn kolejowych.

Słowa kluczowe:
oddziaływanie pojazdu z torem, drgania torowiska, toczenie z poślizgiem bocznym, kontakt toczny

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
6p.
37.  Konowrocki R., Bajer C.I., Vibrations due to the passage of a railway vehicle on straight and curved tracks, VIBRATIONS IN PHYSICAL SYSTEMS, ISSN: 0860-6897, Vol.23, pp.199-204, 2008

Streszczenie:
The paper presents the results of vibration measurements on line of railway during passages of a train at a constant speed. The measurements have been performed on a railway track at straight and curve sections as well as and inside the train on the floor. The experimental results exhibited higher amplitudes of vibrations on the curve of the track than on its straight segments. The lateral slip in rail/wheel contact zone is considered as a possible reason of such a phenomenon.

Słowa kluczowe:
railway vibrations, dynamic train-track interaction, ground borne vibrations, moving load

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Bajer C.I. - IPPT PAN
38.  Konowrocki R., Bajer C.I., Oddziaływanie między nawierzchnią drogi i kołem w obecności poślizgu bocznego, ZESZYTY NAUKOWE INSTYTUTU POJAZDÓW / POLITECHNIKA WARSZAWSKA, ISSN: 1642-347X, Vol.1, No.64, pp.75-82, 2007

Streszczenie:
Praca dotyczy analizy dynamicznych zjawisk towarzyszących toczeniu koła po drodze (torze), przy jednoczesnym oddziaływaniu czynników wywołujących poślizg w kierunku prostopadłym do kierunku toczenia. Przypadki takie występują przy toczeniu się koła kolejowego po szynie na odcinkach prostych w przypadku oddziaływania wiatru oraz na łukach. Występowanie poślizgów bocznych przy jeździe na łukach spowodowane jest różnicą promieni krzywizny obu szyn i oscylacjami obrotowymi zestawu kołowego w płaszczyźnie toru. Na skutek ukośnego ustawienia płaszczyzn kół względem chwilowego kierunku toczenia dochodzi do bocznych poślizgów w strefie kontaktu koła z szyną. Oscylacje te mają niekorzystny wpływ zarówno na zużycie kół i szyn, jak i na otoczenie, ze względu na emisję hałasu. Otrzymane wyniki eksperymentalne pozwoliły na opracowanie modelu matematycznego zjawiska. Zaobserwowano dwuokresowy charakter drgań wywołany siłą boczną. Zbadano wpływ prędkości toczenia, siły nacisku oraz kąta między płaszczyzną toczącego koła a drogą na dwuokresowe drgania w kierunku osiowym koła.

Słowa kluczowe:
nawierzchnia, transport szynowy, poślizg boczny, kontakt koło-szyna

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Bajer C.I. - IPPT PAN
39.  Konowrocki R., Wybrane zagadnienia falowe w kole ogumionym, ZESZYTY NAUKOWE INSTYTUTU POJAZDÓW / POLITECHNIKA WARSZAWSKA, ISSN: 1642-347X, Vol.2, No.65, pp.71-80, 2007

Streszczenie:
Ogumienie pojazdu samochodowego jest elementem, który znajduje się w bezpośrednim kontakcie z nawierzchnią drogi i przenosi obciążenie wynikające z wymuszenia kinematycznego pojazdu. Właściwości opony pojazdu samochodowego wpływają bezpośrednio na bezpieczeństwo czynne kierowcy oraz pasażerów. Stąd ogumienie ciągle stanowi przedmiot badań i prac rozwojowych. Skutkiem tych prac jest wprowadzanie nowych materiałów i technologii wytwarzania, które prowadzą do poprawienia właściwości jezdnych i eksploatacyjnych (zmniejszenia masy opony, zużycia i odkształceń). Ruch toczny koła wywołuje dyssypację energii związaną z tarciem poślizgowym w łożyskach, tłumienie postaciowe związane z uginaniem się opony oraz straty wentylacyjne.

Słowa kluczowe:
koło ogumione, poślizg, kontakt toczny, równie falowe

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
40.  Konowrocki R., Bajer C.I., Investigation of the friction phenomenon in the wheel-road interaction, VIBRATIONS IN PHYSICAL SYSTEMS, ISSN: 0860-6897, Vol.15, pp.173-178, 2006

Streszczenie:
Rolling contact has been investigated intensively during last decade [1, 2]. However, generation of corrugations, the fundamental problem of rolling in railway transportation, is still not completely explained. In the paper we consider dynamic phenomenon, which occur in rolling of the wheel over the rail, with lateral slip. Such cases are involved by wind blows (both on curved and straight tracks), deformation of wheels, wheelsets and rails, different linear velocity of wheels on curves and rotatory oscillations of wheelsets.
Skew wheel plane related to the direction of rolling results in lateral slip in rail/wheel contact zone. The rail/wheel system oscillates and generates noise. In the same time the wear increases considerable and negatively influences the safety of transportation. Corrugations are visible results of this oscillatory wear (Fig. 1). However, the phenomenon can be observed also in rolling of a tire over the road and the contact of rolls with guide. In all cases friction is the main reason of the described phenomenon. The friction law influences it qualitatively and qualitatively.

Słowa kluczowe:
Experimental investigations,

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Bajer C.I. - IPPT PAN

Lista rozdziałów w ostatnich monografiach
1. 
Konowrocki R., Bogacz R., Pojazdy tramwajowe z niezależnie obracającymi się kołami, rozdział: Przegląd stosowanych w eksploatacji rozwiązań lekkich pojazdów szynowych, OWPW, pp.148-164, 2019
2. 
Konowrocki R., Pojazdy tramwajowe z niezależnie obracającymi się kołami, rozdział: Symulacje dynamiki pojazdu tramwajowego z u względnieniem różnych warunków eksploatacji, OWPW, pp.297-328, 2019
3. 
Pręgowska A., Szolc T., Pochanke A., Konowrocki R., Recent Advances in Automation, Robotics and Measuring Techniques, rozdział: Modeling and dynamic analysis of the precise electromechanical systems driven by the stepping motors, Springer International Publishing, Series: Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 267, Part I, pp.205-215, 2014
4. 
Konowrocki R., Bogacz R., Kukulski J., Walczak S., Selected Dynamical Problems in Mechanical Systems, rozdział: Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Oscillations in a Brake System, Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Warszawskiej (Warszawa), pp.75-84, 2014
5. 
Konowrocki R., Bogacz R., Bajer C.I., Symulacja w Badaniach i Rozwoju, rozdział: Badanie oddziaływania koła z drogą z uwzględnieniem poślizgów bocznych, PTSK, PW, IPPT, Warszawa, pp.124-131, 2006

Prace konferencyjne
1.  Konowrocki R., Szolc T., An analysis of electromechanical interactions in the railway vehicle traction drive systems driven by AC motors, ISCT21 2019, International Scientific Conference Transport of the 21st Century, Research Methods and Solutions to Current Transport Problems. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing., 2019-06-09/06-12, Ryn, Poland (PL), DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27687-4_23, Vol.1032, pp.225-235, 2020

Streszczenie:
In the paper dynamic electromechanical interactions between the rail-way drive systems and their driving electric motors are investigated. These are drive systems of high-speed trains (HST) and locomotives driven by AC motors. In particular, there is considered an influence of negative electromagnetic damp-ing generated by the asynchronous motor on a possibility of excitation of reso-nant torsional vibrations. The theoretical calculations have been performed by means of the advanced structural mechanical models. Conclusions drawn from the computational results can be very useful during a design phase of these ob-jects as well as helpful for their users during a regular maintenance.

Słowa kluczowe:
railway drive, electromechanical interactions, AC Motors, railway dynamic, numerical investigation

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
20p.
2.  Kalinowski D., Szolc T., Konowrocki R., The new simulation approach of tramway safety against derailment evaluation in term of vehicle dynamics, TRANSBALTICA XI, TRANSBALTICA XI: Transportation Science and Technology, 2019-05-02/05-03, Vilnius (LT), DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38666-5_26, pp.245-254, 2020

Streszczenie:
The existing European standard EN 14363 covers all necessary tests for different railway vehicles, but it is inadequate for tram vehicles, especially in safety against a derailment examination. Its operational conditions are much different. Trams overcome horizontal curves with much smaller radii than railway vehicles. There is a large diversity in wheel-rail pairing, i.e. almost every public transport operator uses a different wheel profile. In the running gear design much more rubber-metal elements are used in order to ensure a low-floor interior and to keep the kinematic envelope. Apart from standard vehicle configuration, i.e., a carbody on two bogies, in modern tram designs numerous arrangements are applied: wagons with one outer bogie, wagons with one centered bogie, wagons without bogies (sedan) etc., where twisting shims cannot be used to achieve the required twist. The described issues imply that the methodology of safety against derailment described in EN 14363 standard cannot be applied without any modifications. This paper presents a new proposal for a simulation safety against derailment for a vehicle with an arbitrary configuration of wagons and running gears. The numerical analyses have been performed by means of the Simpack Rail software

Słowa kluczowe:
Safety against derailment, Tram vehicle Numerical, simulation Running dynamics, Simpack rail software

Afiliacje autorów:
Kalinowski D. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
20p.
3.  Szolc T., Pochanke A., Konowrocki R., Pisarski D., Suppression and control of torsional vibrations of the turbo-generator shaft-lines using rotary magneto-rheological dampers, VIRM, 12th International Conference on Vibrations in Rotating Machinery: Proceedings of the 12th Virtual Conference on Vibrations in Rotating Machinery (VIRM), 2020-01-14/01-15, London (GB), DOI: 10.1201/9781003132639, pp.201-211, 2020

Streszczenie:
Torsional vibrations of steam turbo-generator rotor-shaft-lines coupled with bending vibrations of exhaust blades still constitute an important operational problem for this type of rotor-machines. Therefore, this work proposes a relatively simple approach for efficient suppression and control of transient and steady-state turbo-generator shaft torsional vibrations excited by short circuits in a generator or power-lines, faulty synchronization, negative sequence currents and by sub-synchronous resonances in the turbo-generator-electric network system. This target has been achieved by means of semi-actively controlled rotary dampers with the magneto-rheological fluid. Regular operation of such devices installed in a given turbo-generator rotor-shaft line enables suppression of dangerous torsional oscillations.

Słowa kluczowe:
control of torsional vibrations, the turbo-generator, rotary magneto-rheological dampers, Bi-directional active torsional vibration damper,

Afiliacje autorów:
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
Pochanke A. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Pisarski D. - IPPT PAN
20p.
4.  Kalinowski D., Konowrocki R., Szolc T., An influence of design features of tramway vehicles on kinematic extortion from geometry of a track, ISCT21 2019, International Scientific Conference Transport of the 21st Century, Research Methods and Solutions to Current Transport Problems. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing., 2019-06-09/06-12, Ryn, Poland (PL), DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27687-4_21, Vol.1032, pp.204-214, 2020

Streszczenie:
In the paper, simulation results of safety against derailment for a tramway vehicles with an arbitrary configuration of wagons and bogies is presented. The existing European standard EN 14363 covers all necessary tests for different railway vehicles, but it is inadequate for tramway vehicles, especially in safety against a derailment examination. Its operational conditions are much different. The described observations suggest that the methodology of safety against derailment testing described in the EN 14363 standard cannot be used without any modifications in the case of testing of tramway vehicles. On the basis of the computational results, a significant influence of different configurations of urban tramway vehicles on the wheel-rail contact forces was discussed, in particular on the Y/Q derailment factor.

Słowa kluczowe:
tramway dynamics, safety against derailment, simpack, numerical study

Afiliacje autorów:
Kalinowski D. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
5.  Konowrocki R., Modelling of dynamic aspects of operation in railway vehicle traction drive system including the electromechanical coupling, Rail Vehicles 2018, XXIII Scientific Conference 'Rail Vehicles 2018', 2018-05-22/05-25, Katowice, Chorzow (Poland) (PL), DOI: 10.20858/sjsutst.2019.105.9, No.105, pp.101-111, 2019

Streszczenie:
In this paper, the influence of electromechanical interaction in an electric motor on the railway vehicle driving system dynamics was investigated. This is the train driven by DC. In particular, there is considered influence of electromagnetic field between a rotor and stator on excitation of resonant torsional vibrations of the drive system. Conclusions drawn from the computational results can be very useful during the design phase of these devices as well as helpful for their users during regular maintenance.

Słowa kluczowe:
railway drive system, electromechanical coupling, numerical analysis, electric motor, torsion vibration, railway vehicle operation

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
20p.
6.  Szolc T., Konowrocki R., Pochanke A., On dynamic interaction between mechanical systems and selected electric motors, DYNKON 2019, 16th Symposium of Structural Dynamics, 2019-05-22/05-24, Kombornia, Poland (PL), DOI: 10.1051/matecconf/201928500018, Vol.285, pp.00018-1-8, 2019

Streszczenie:
In the paper there is presented a reliable structural model of the rotating mechanical systems as well as mathematical models of the stepping, synchronous and asynchronous motors, by means of which electromechanical coupling effects can be thoroughly investigated. An importance and severity of these phenomena, not sufficiently explored till present, have been demonstrated by results obtained for transient and steady-state operational conditions in the computational examples concerning torsional vibrations of drive trains with various electric motors.

Słowa kluczowe:
structural model, electric motors, mechanical systems, electromechanical coupling

Afiliacje autorów:
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Pochanke A. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
7.  Szolc T., Konowrocki R., Pisarski D., Pochanke A., Influence of Various Control Strategies on Transient Torsional Vibrations of Rotor-Machines Driven by Asynchronous Motors, IFToMM, 10th International Conference on Rotor Dynamics, 2018-01-23/01-27, Rio de Janeiro (BR), DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-99272-3_15, No.4, pp.205-220, 2018

Streszczenie:
In the paper, a dynamic electromechanical interaction between the selected kind of rotating machines and their driving electric motors is investigated. These are the high-speed beater mills and crushers as well as blowers, pumps and compressors, all driven by the asynchronous motors through elastic couplings with linear and non-linear characteristics. In particular, there is considered an influence of negative electromagnetic damping generated by the motor on a possibility of excitation of resonant torsional vibrations. Moreover, for the asynchronous motor in transient and steady-state operating conditions, there are tested several control strategies which are based on the closed-loop vector and scalar principles. The theoretical calculations have been performed by means of the advanced structural mechanical models. Conclusions drawn from the computational results can be very useful during a design phase of these devices as well as helpful for their users during a regular maintenance.

Słowa kluczowe:
Rotor-machine, Asynchronous motor, Electromechanical interaction, Torsional vibrations, Control strategies

Afiliacje autorów:
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Pisarski D. - IPPT PAN
Pochanke A. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
20p.
8.  Szolc T., Konowrocki R., Pochanke A., Michajłow M., Dynamic aspects of design and maintenance of the rotating machinery applied by the mining industry, MEC-2017, MINERAL ENGINEERING CONFERENCE, 2017-09-20/09-23, Wisła (PL), DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/201712301010, Vol.18, pp.01010-1-10, 2017

Streszczenie:
In the paper a dynamic behaviour of the selected typical group of rotating machines applied in the mining industry is investigated. These are the beater mills and crushers as well as blowers and compressors, all driven by the asynchronous motors. In particular, there is considered an influence of various types of machine working tool loadings on the system lateral steady-state dynamic responses as well as a mutual torsional electromechanical interaction between the driving motor and the driven machine in transient operational conditions. The theoretical calculations have been performed by means of the advanced structural mechanical models. The conclusions drawn from computational results can be very useful during design phase of these devices as well as helpful for their users during regular maintenance.

Słowa kluczowe:
mining industry, electromechanic coupling, design and maintenance of mill, torsional vibrations

Afiliacje autorów:
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Pochanke A. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Michajłow M. - IPPT PAN
20p.
9.  Bogacz R., Konowrocki R., Influence of track defects on railway vehicle damage - O wpływie usterek toru na uszkodzenia pojazdów szynowych, SITK207, Nowoczesne technologie i systemy zarządzania w transporcie szynowym, 2017-11-29/12-02, Zakopane (PL), pp.21-28, 2017

Streszczenie:
The paper contain description of certain dynamical problems connected with the kinematic excitation of railway track. Some phenomena are given which may create high loads, track degradation and fatigue of wheelset axles. An alternative approach to measurement rail vehicle overload are given. Some examples of experimental investigations are given which pointed out that the dynamical load acting on the track can be a few times higher as the static load. In the paper the results obtained from the electromechanical drive model describing the torsion vibration of wheelset caused by passing through gaps in a single rail of track are presented.

Słowa kluczowe:
wheel-rail dynamics, vehicle-track interaction, track and vehicle degradation

Afiliacje autorów:
Bogacz R. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
10.  Szolc T., Konowrocki R., Michajłow M., On Research and development-aspects of the highly-energetic concept for the copper ore comminution, ICNOP 2015, XI Międzynarodowa Konferencja Przeróbki Rud Metali Nieżelaznych, 2015-05-27/05-29, Trzebieszowice (PL), pp.47-59, 2015

Streszczenie:
In the paper there will be presented fundamental advantages and problems connected with an application possibility of the highly-energetic, impact-type technique of the copper ore comminution in a comparison with the analogous methods used till present by the ore pro-cessing plants belonging to the company KGI-IM — Polska Miedt S.A. In this aspect the main technical and exploitation requirements expected from the high-speed beater mills for impact-type copper ore comminution in a dry mode shall be considered. In particular, there will be discussed dynamic phenomena associated with an operation of such devices as well as modern computational methods enabling us an expectation of their positive and negative consequences for an operational effectiveness, durability and robustness of the most respon-sible working elements. The mechanical vibrations can be regarded here as one of the most detrimental phenomenon caused by the highly dynamic interaction between the beater-wheel and the comminuted ore. First of all, these are bending and torsional vibrations of the beater.

Słowa kluczowe:
copper ore highly-energetic comminution, beater mill, dynamic analysis

Afiliacje autorów:
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Michajłow M. - IPPT PAN
11.  Konowrocki R., Pochanke A., Pręgowska A., Szolc T., An analysis of precise positioning scenarios of the electromechanical rotating system driven by a stepping motor, SIRM 2015, 11th International Conference on Vibrations in Rotating Machines, 2015-02-23/02-25, Magdeburg (DE), No.ID-40, pp.1-10, 2015

Streszczenie:
In the paper there is investigated experimentally and theoretically electromechanical dynamic interaction between the driving stepping motor and the driven laboratory belt-transporter system imitating an operation of the robotic device in the form of working tool-carrier under translational motion. The considered object is properly equipped with measurement systems enabling us a registration of studied electrical and mechanical quantities. The analytical considerations are performed by means of the circuit model of the electric motor and of the discrete, non-linear model of the mechanical system. In the investigated examples various scenarios of the working tool-carrier motion and positioning by the belt-transporter are measured and simulated, where in the all cases the electric current control of the driving motor has been applied.

Słowa kluczowe:
Belt transporter system, Precise positioning, Stepping motor, Current control, Experimental verification

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Pochanke A. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Pręgowska A. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
12.  Szolc T., Konowrocki R., Michajłow M., On electromechanical dynamic coupling effects in the semi-actively controlled rotating machine drive system driven by the induction motor, SIRM 2013, 10th International Conference on Vibrations in Rotating Machines, 2013-02-25/02-27, Berlin (DE), No.ID-258, pp.1-10, 2013

Streszczenie:
In the paper there is studied dynamic electromechanical interaction between the geared drive system of a rotating machine and the driving induction (asynchronous) motor. The investigations are performed by the use of experimental measurements carried out on the real object as well as by means of a theoretical approach using a circuit model of the electric motor in the form of Park’s equations and the advanced drive system hybrid, i.e. discrete-continuous, mechanical model of an identical structure and parameters as the classical preliminarily applied one-dimensional finite element model. The experimental and theoretical considerations are focused on the steady-state operating conditions, where severe torsional vibrations are excited by variable components of the driven machine retarding torque as well as by the electromagnetic torque generated by the induction motor. The qualitative analysis is performed by means of the harmonic balance method applied for Park’s equations and using the modal approach for the experimentally identified mechanical model. In order to minimize torsional vibration amplitudes induced by the electromechanical interaction in the considered system, the semi-active control technique based on actuators with the magneto-rheological fluid has been tested.

Słowa kluczowe:
electromechanical dynamic coupling, electric motor, torsional vibrations, experimental investigation

Afiliacje autorów:
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Michajłow M. - IPPT PAN
13.  Dyniewicz B., Pisarski D., Konowrocki R., Semi-active control of track subjected to an inertial moving load, XXV Symposium Vibrations in Physical Systems, 2012-05-15/05-19, Poznań-Będlewo (PL), pp.1-6, 2012

Streszczenie:
The paper deals with the problem of stabilization of vibrations of the load carrying structure via adaptive damping performed with a smart material. The properties of such a material must ensure reduction of vibrations, especially accelerations and displacements of selected stationary or follower points in a higher range than in the case of the material with homogeneous bilateral characteristics. Analytical calculations and numerical simulations proved the efficiency of the approach. Results obtained with the testing system equipped with magnetorheological controlled dampers will allow us to prove experimentally assumed control strategies and rheological properties of the filling material.

Słowa kluczowe:
control, moving inertial load, vibrations, smart materials

Afiliacje autorów:
Dyniewicz B. - IPPT PAN
Pisarski D. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
14.  Konowrocki R., Bajer C.I., Bogacz R., Badania eksperymentalne współpracy koła z drogą z uwzględnieniem poślizgów bocznych, XIV Warsztaty Polskiego Towarzystwa Symulacji Komputerowej, 2007-09-26/09-29, Zakopane (PL), Vol.14, pp.158-171, 2008

Streszczenie:
Praca opisuje zagadnienia dynamicznego oddziaływania podziemnego pojazdu szynowego na tor. Oddziaływanie to wywołuje drgania, które za pośrednictwem konstrukcji toru, tunelu oraz gruntu propagowane są na pobliskie konstrukcję i budynki. Ze względu na zagęszczenie ruchu ulicznego podziemna komunikacja jest obecnie jedyną alternatywą płynnego przemieszczania się osób w wielkich aglomeracjach miejskich. Sprzyja to rozwojowi i modernizacji podziemnej kolei miejskiej, w której jako jednym z celów stawianych projektantom jest minimalizacja powstania drgań propagujących się na otaczające środowisko W nauce również można zaobserwować wzrost zainteresowania zjawiskami powstawania i propagacji drgań w gruncie, wywołanych przejazdem pojazdów kolei podziemnej. Głównym pytaniem nurtującym badaczy jest kwestia kontroli układu pojazd/tor i zmniejszenie powstających szkodliwych wibracji i hałasu. Ze względu na wielorakie rozwiązana konstrukcyjne pojazdów i torowisk kolei podziemnej trudno jest zaproponować jednoznaczne rozwiązanie.

Słowa kluczowe:
metro, oddziaływania podziemnego pojazdu szynowego, wibroizolacja, grunt

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Bajer C.I. - IPPT PAN
Bogacz R. - IPPT PAN
15.  Konowrocki R., Bajer C.I., Drgania boczne w układzie koło szyna wywołane przejazdem kolei podziemnej na łuku i na prostej, XVIII Konferencja Naukowa „Pojazdy Szynowe”, 2008-09-17/09-19, Ustroń (PL), Vol.Tom I, pp.352-368, 2008

Streszczenie:
Zagadnienia dynamicznego oddziaływania pojazdu metra na tor są analizowane w pracy. Oddziaływanie to wywołuje drgania, które za pośrednictwem konstrukcji toru, tunelu oraz gruntu propagowane są na pobliskie konstrukcję i budynki. Ze względu na zagęszczenie ruchu ulicznego podziemna komunikacja jest obecnie jedyną alternatywą płynnego przemieszczania się osób w wielkich aglomeracjach miejskich. Sprzyja to rozwojowi i modernizacji podziemnej kolei miejskiej, w której jako jednym z celów stawianych projektantom jest minimalizacja powstania drgań propagujących się na otaczające środowisko W nauce również można zaobserwować wzrost zainteresowania zjawiskami powstawania i propagacji drgań w gruncie, wywołanych przejazdem pojazdów kolei podziemnej. Ze względu na wielorakie rozwiązana konstrukcyjne pojazdów i torowisk kolei podziemnej trudno jest zaproponować jednoznaczne rozwiązanie. Głównym pytaniem nurtującym badaczy jest kwestia kontroli układu pojazd/tor i zmniejszenie powstających szkodliwych wibracji i hałasu.

Słowa kluczowe:
Metro Warszawskie, tunel metra, kolej podziemna, badania eksperymentalne

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Bajer C.I. - IPPT PAN
16.  Konowrocki R., Bajer C.I., Oddziaływanie koła z drogą z uwzględnieniem wpływu sił bocznych, XVII Konferencja Naukowa „Pojazdy Szynowe”, 2006-09-13/09-15, Kazimierz Dolny (PL), pp.397-403, 2006

Streszczenie:
Analizy dynamicznych zjawisk towarzyszących toczeniu koła po drodze (torze), przy jednoczesnym oddziaływaniu czynników wywołujących poślizg w kierunku prostopadłym do kierunku toczenia są analizowane w artykule. Przypadki takie występują przy toczeniu się koła kolejowego po szynie na odcinkach prostych w przypadku oddziaływania wiatru oraz na łukach. Występowanie poślizgów bocznych przy jeździe na łukach spowodowane jest różnicą promieni krzywizny obu szyn i oscylacjami obrotowymi zestawu kołowego w płaszczyźnie toru. Na skutek ukośnego ustawienia płaszczyzn kół względem chwilowego kierunku toczenia dochodzi do bocznych poślizgów w strefie kontaktu koła z szyną. Oscylacje te mają niekorzystny wpływ zarówno na zużycie kół i szyn, jak i na otoczenie, ze względu na emisję hałasu. Otrzymane wyniki eksperymentalne pozwoliły na opracowanie modelu matematycznego zjawiska. Zaobserwowano dwuokresowy charakter drgań wywołany siłą boczną.

Słowa kluczowe:
dwuokresowy charakter drgań, kontakt koło-szyna,numeryczne badania

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Bajer C.I. - IPPT PAN

Abstrakty konferencyjne
1.  Chojnacki A., Konowrocki R., Wysocki G., Longitudinal dynamics of freight trains - experimental and theoretical investigations, RAIL VEHICLES 2020 , The 24th scientific conference RAIL VEHICLES 2020 , 2020-10-25/10-28, Arłamów - Ustrzyki Dolne/ Poland (PL), No.1, pp.41-42, 2020

Streszczenie:
Safe operation and efficient of trains require assessment of its running behaviour. When freight rolling stock operators optimize their own costs and profits, one of many steps is to increase the number of wagons. As the freight trains become longer, the dynamics of individual freight wagons in the longitudinal direction becomes important in terms of in-service behaviour. In this case, the forces involved between the wagons have a key influence on safety against derailment. Safety against derailment is one of primary criteria for assessing the reliability of rail vehicle operation. The derailments of wagons of long freight trains frequently occurred around the world, which caused tremendous losses. Statistics from Australia, Canada, China revealed that the freight trains account for the vast majority of mainline derailments.

Słowa kluczowe:
longitudinal dynamics, freight trains, experimental and theoretical investigations, trains dynamics, wheel-rail interaction

Afiliacje autorów:
Chojnacki A. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Wysocki G. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
2.  Kalinowski D., Konowrocki R., Szolc T., Marczewski A., Simulation research on safety against derailment of trams with independently rotating wheels, RAIL VEHICLES 2020 , The 24th scientific conference RAIL VEHICLES 2020 , 2020-10-25/10-28, Arłamów - Ustrzyki Dolne/ Poland (PL), No.1, pp.81-82, 2020

Streszczenie:
Trams with independently rotating wheels (IRW) enable to increase a comfort of traveling by lowering the floor level along the entire length of the vehicle, in particular above the bogies. In these trams such solution imposes a different design of motor bogies. In this construction of the bogies, four independent motors mounted on the bogie frame are connected each by a gear-stage with a single running-wheel. By means of the appropriate control algorithm guiding driving torques in curved sections of the railway track can be generated. Trams must ensure a high level of safety of passengers, and one of its aspect is safety against derailment. This article presents an original simulation method to investigate a level of safety against derailment for such vehicles. Principles of this method are independent of the tram car configuration. Using this approach, structural analysis of trams was carried out, which tested drive control in the boogie equipped with independently rotating wheels. Here, numerous simulations of motion on curved tracks were performed by means of various wheel drive control algorithms.

Słowa kluczowe:
research safety, safety against derailment, derailment of trams, trams with independently rotating wheels, independently rotating wheels

Afiliacje autorów:
Kalinowski D. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
Marczewski A. - inna afiliacja
3.  Konowrocki R., Frischmut K., Analysis of acceleration signals measured obtained from a freight wagon in the various operation states, RAIL VEHICLES 2020 , The 24th scientific conference RAIL VEHICLES 2020 , 2020-10-25/10-28, Arłamów - Ustrzyki Dolne/ Poland (PL), No.1, pp.95-96, 2020

Streszczenie:
In the present paper, the authors try to find distinguishable characteristics based on acceleration data obtained from a railway car body. Those quantities allow constructing diagnostic maps, which in turn can be used to classify vehicles clearly as damaged or undamaged. In this approach, the assessment is based on measurements taken from both an undamaged and damaged rail vehicle. The data are compared by methods of artificial intelligence. The aim of this paper is to study aspects of a pure signal-based approach to the end of a quick recognition of damage by assessment of selected parameters of sensor data in real time.

Słowa kluczowe:
analysis of measured signals, experimental investigations, artificial intelligence, railway wagon, quick recognition of damage, damage diagnostic, neural networks

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Frischmut K. - Koszalin University of Technology (PL)
4.  Szolc T., Pochanke A., Konowrocki R., Pisarski D., Suppression and control of torsional vibrations of the turbo-generator shaft-lines using rotary magneto-rheological dampers, VIRM, 12th International Conference on Vibrations in Rotating Machinery, 2020-01-14/01-15, London (GB), No.1, pp.90-90, 2020

Streszczenie:
Torsional vibrations of steam turbo-generator rotor-shaft-lines coupled with bending vibrations of exhaust blades still constitute an important operational problem for this type of rotor-machines. Therefore, this work proposes a relatively simple approach for efficient suppression and control of transient and steady-state turbo-generator-shaft torsional vibrations excited by short circuits in a generator or power-lines, faulty synchronization, negative sequence currents and by sub-synchronous resonances in the turbo-generator-electric network system. This target has been achieved by means of semi-actively controlled rotary dampers with the magneto-rheological fluid. Regular operation of such devices installed in a given turbo-generator rotor-shaft-line enables suppression of dangerous torsional oscillations.

Słowa kluczowe:
control of torsional vibrations, turbo-generator, shaft-lines vibrations, rotary magneto-rheological dampers, new rotary dampers

Afiliacje autorów:
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
Pochanke A. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Pisarski D. - IPPT PAN
5.  Konowrocki R., Szolc T., An analysis of electromechanical interactions in the railway vehicle traction drive systems driven by electronically controlled AC motors, INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE TRANSPORT of the 21st CENTURY, 2019-06-09/06-12, Ryn (PL), pp.143-144, 2019

Streszczenie:
The aim of investigation is developed a reliable structural model of the traction vehicle with AC motors which drive it. Changes of parameters resulting from the movement of the vehicle in relation to the conditions of the wheel-rail co-operation might be the reason for system instability. For a reliability and security of drive system of railway vehicles driven by electric motors, the electromagnetic output traction force and torques should drive stably. Otherwise, the train drive-shaft vibrations caused by motor torque ripple will affect fatigue life of the responsible drive system components and an operation security of the driven railway vehicles. The methods developed by the authors and presented in this paper could be applied for creating some basis of vehicle drive system designs with more efficient movement-traction parameters and for increasing an efficiency of the traction vehicles characterized by high levels of power and travelling speeds.

Słowa kluczowe:
railway drive system, electromechanical coupling, AC motor, full sprung wheelset drive

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
20p.
6.  Kalinowski D., Konowrocki R., Szolc T., An influence of construction features of tramway vehicles on kinematic extortion from irregularity of a track, INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE TRANSPORT of the 21st CENTURY, 2019-06-09/06-12, Ryn (PL), pp.128-129, 2019

Streszczenie:
In In the paper, a new proposal of simulations safety against derailment for a tramway vehicles with an arbitrary configuration of wagons and running gears is presented. The existing European standard EN 14363 [1] covers all necessary tests for different railway vehicles, but it is inadequate for tramway vehicles, especially in safety against a derailment examination. Its operational conditions are much different. Tramways overcome horizontal curves with much smaller radii than railway vehicles. There is a large diversity in wheel-rail pairing, i.e. almost every public transport operator uses a different wheel profile. Apart from standard vehicle configuration, i.e., a carbody on two bogies, in modern tram designs varoius arrangements are applied. The described problems suggest that the methodology of safety testing before derailment described in the EN 14363 standard cannot be used without any modifications in the case of testing tramway vehicles.
Based on the obtained computational results, an essential influence of various municipal tramway vehicle designs and configurations on wheel-rail contact forces, in particular, on the derailment factor Y/Q, is discussed. The simulation results confirm the assumption that the track conditions for safety against derailment described in standard [1] addressed to the railway vehicles are not suitable for investigations of the light municipal trams. Moreover, one can remark that relatively low travelling speeds of trams do not guarantee a sufficient safety against derailment with specific vehicle configuration and extreme track geometry (small arc radius and zero cant). Such observations cause the need for further analysis of the discussed topic.

Słowa kluczowe:
tramway dynamics, safety against derailment, Simpack Rail, MBS

Afiliacje autorów:
Kalinowski D. - inna afiliacja
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
20p.
7.  Konowrocki R., Pisarski D., Szolc T., An influence of electromechanical coupling effects on instability of the high speed trains driven by the direct-drive induction motor, 27th French-Polish Seminar of Mechanics, 2019-06-06/06-07, Besançon, France, 06-07 June 2019 (FR), pp.44-44, 2019

Streszczenie:
The knowledge about torsional vibrations of drive transmission systems of railway vehicles is of a great importance in the dynamics of such mechanical systems. To ensure a reliability and unconditional security of high speed electric multiple unit (HSEMU) drive by AC motors, the electromagnetic output traction force and torques should drive stably. Otherwise, the shaft train vibration caused by motor torque ripple will affect a fatigue life of this device and the operation on the driven object. In the paper, a dynamic interaction between the torsionally vibrating HST drive sys-tem and the driving asynchronous motor was investigated. The results of wheelset torsional vibration analysis have shown that the first mode with torsional eigenfre-quency of the considered wheelset with electric motor is equal to109 Hz and the sec-ond torsional eigenfrequency is equal to 680 Hz. The basic torsional eigenvibration property is that the first wheel vibration direction is opposite to that of second wheel. The second torsional eigenvibration property is that the vibration directions of two wheels are coincident and the direction of electric motor connection elements is op-posite to the wheels. In the paper there was shown that static torque characteristics of the AC motor are correlated with its electromagnetic negative damping zones. This negative damping can be responsible for instability of the entire drive train. Concern-ing the transient and steady-state dynamic responses determined for the considered HST drive system, one can state that the studied phenomenon of electromechanical interactions should become an object of further investigations.

Słowa kluczowe:
Railway drive system,The direct-drive, Electromechanical coupling, AC motors

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Pisarski D. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
8.  Szmidt T., Konowrocki R., Pisarski D., Stabilization of a cantilever pipe conveying fluid using electromagnetic actuators of the transformer type, PCM-CMM, 4th Polish Congress of Mechanics, 23rd International Conference on Computer Methods in Mechanics, 2019-09-08/09-12, Kraków (PL), pp.1, 2019

Słowa kluczowe:
Pipe Conveying Fluid, Electromagnetic Actuator, Stability, Flutter Experiment

Afiliacje autorów:
Szmidt T. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Pisarski D. - IPPT PAN
9.  Kalinowski D., Konowrocki R., Szolc T., The new simulation approach of tramway safety against derailment evaluation in terms of vehicle dynamics, TRANSBALTICA 2019: TRANSPORTATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: Proceedings of the 11th International Scientific Conference, 2019-01-02/01-03, Vilnius (LT), pp.50-50, 2019

Streszczenie:
Existing European standard EN 14363 covers all necessary tests for different railway vehicles, but it is inadequate for tram vehicles, especially in safety against a derailment examination. Its operational conditions are much different. Trams overcome horizontal curves with much smaller radii than railway vehicles. There is a large diversity in wheel-rail pairing, i.e. almost every public transport opera-tor uses a different wheel profile. In the running gear design much more rubber-metal elements are used in order to ensure a low-floor interior and to keep the kinematic envelope. Apart from standard vehicle configuration, i.e., a carbody on two bogies, in modern tram designs numerous arrangements are applied: wagons with one outer bogie, wagons with one centered bogie, wagons without bogies (sedan) etc., where twisting shims cannot be used to achieve the required twist. It should be also mentioned that in the low-floor trams there are frequently applied independently rotating wheels (IRW) which are individually driven. The dynamic behaviour of the trams equipped with the IRW wheelsets is significantly different from that of the vehicles with the classical wheelsets. The described issues imply that the methodology of safety against derailment described in EN 14363 stand-ard cannot be applied without any modifications. This paper presents a new pro-posal for a simulation safety against derailment for a vehicle with an arbitrary configuration of wagons and running gears. The numerical analyzes have been performed be means of the SIMPACK software.

Słowa kluczowe:
safety against derailment, tram vehicle, numerical simulation, run-ning dynamics, SIMPACK software

Afiliacje autorów:
Kalinowski D. - inna afiliacja
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
10.  Konowrocki R., Motor current signature analysis for railway driving system condition monitoring, 26 Seminaire Franco-Polonais de Mecanique, 2018-05-14/05-15, Warszawa (PL), pp.50, 2018

Streszczenie:
Drive systems are one of the key components in railway vehicles. The need of an easy and effective monitoring and diagnosis technique has led to the increasing use of motor current signature analysis. Wheelsets, bearing and toothed gear faults in the railway drive system run by an induction motor causes change in its stator current spectrum. The above-mentioned defects in the electric drives cause variations of load irregularities in the magnetic field which in turn change the mutual and self-inductance causing side bands across the line frequency. Results of this analysis presented in the paper are used in order to investigate the drive system’s sensitivity to torsional oscillations. Here, the dynamic electromechanical interaction between the electric driving motor and the rotating wheelset is considered. The main objective of this paper is shown influence such faults in the railway drive system on motor current signature. Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) is initially employed for a first comparison between a healthy and a defective system. In the next step, wavelet analysis is used. Base wavelet has been selected on the basis of wavelet selection criteria - Maximum Relative wavelet energy. Additional this investigation has proved that the torsional stiffness and damping of drivetrain system strongly affect amplitudes of the self-excited vibrations which effects on motor current signatures of induction motor. Conclusions drawn from the computational results can be very useful during a design phase of diagnostic and monitoring devices as well as helpful for their users during a regular operation and maintenance

Słowa kluczowe:
drive system, condition monitoring, self-excited vibrations, railway vehicles, electromechanical interaction

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
11.  Chojnacki A., Konowrocki R., Analiza numeryczna i eksperymentalna bezpieczeństwa przed wykolejeniem pojazdu szynowego w oparciu o różne metody wyznaczania kryterium oceny, XXIII Scientific Conference Railway Vehicles 2018, 2018-05-22/05-25, Szczyrk (PL), pp.8-9, 2018

Streszczenie:
W artykule przedstawiono wyniki badań eksperymentalnych i numerycznych dotyczących zagadnień wykolejenia wagonu towarowego. Przybliżono charakteryzację stanu wiedzy dotyczącej metod oceny bezpieczeństwa pojazdów szynowych przed wykolejeniem, w celu ich porównania. W pracy przeprowadzono teoretyczne analizy porównawcze według kilku metod, które ocenią bezpieczeństwo przed wykolejeniem porównane z badaniami eksperymentalnymi. Na potrzeby analiz teoretycznych powstał numeryczny model układu pojazd szynowy-tor. Model ten uwzględniał parametry dynamiczne elementów zastosowanych w rzeczywistym pojeździe. Wyniki analizy teoretycznej poparto badaniami eksperymentalnymi przeprowadzonymi na rzeczywistym obiekcie (wagon towarowy - tor testowy). Uzyskane wyniki pozwoliły określić stan zagrożenia bezpieczeństwa ruchu wagonu towarowego przy różnych kryteriach oceny oraz je porównać.

Słowa kluczowe:
współczynnik wykolejenia, dynamiki pojazdów szynowych, bezpieczeństwo, badania eksperymentalne

Afiliacje autorów:
Chojnacki A. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
12.  Zbieć A., Konowrocki R., Wpływ prac konserwacyjnych na zużycie kół zestawów kołowych wagonów towarowych, XXIII Scientific Conference Railway Vehicles 2018, 2018-05-22/05-25, Szczyrk (PL), pp.12-13, 2018

Streszczenie:
Artykuł dotyczy analizy nowo zdiagnozowanej przyczyny zużycia profili kół wagonu towarowego. W pracy przybliżono możliwe przyczyny nierównomiernego zużycia kół zestawów kołowych w wagonach towarowych znane z literatury, jak również podano nową hipotezę. Nowa rozpatrywana w pracy przyczyna nadmiernego zużycia kół zestawów kołowych dotyczy nieprawidłowej ich orientacji względem ramy wózka. Sytuację taką zdiagnozowano w wagonach towarowych posadowionych na wózkach z rodziny Y25, w wyniku niepoprawnego procesu naprawy ramy wózka i regeneracji maźnic. W pracy przedstawiono wyniki pomiarów przeprowadzonych na rzeczywistym wagonie towarowym oraz identyfikację zużyć i geometrii elementów pojazdu. W celu ilościowej analizy wpływu niepoprawnie zorientowanych osi zestawów kołowych na wielkość zużycia kół powstał model numeryczny, opisujący dynamikę ww. wagonu towarowego. Obliczenia numeryczne przeprowadzono przy różnych scenariuszach prędkości i geometrii toru oraz kilku wariantach zukosowania zestawów kołowych. Otrzymane z badań numerycznych wyniki wykazały istotny wpływ nierównoległości osi zestawów kołowych na nierównomierne zużycie profili kół. Zaprezentowana w pracy teza poparta wynikami badań może w znacznym stopniu wpłynąć na poprawę technologii wykonywania napraw układu biegowego oraz warunki utrzymania towarowego taboru kolejowego. Pozwoli także na redukując kosztów napraw zestawów kołowych i wydłużenie okresu ich eksploatacji.

Słowa kluczowe:
zużycie kół, dynamiki pojazdów, badania numeryczne, transport towarowy

Afiliacje autorów:
Zbieć A. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
13.  Bogacz R., Konowrocki R., Uszkodzenia pojazdów szynowych wywołane usterkami toru kolejowego, XXIII Scientific Conference Railway Vehicles 2018, 2018-05-22/05-25, Szczyrk (PL), pp.80-81, 2018

Streszczenie:
Praca zawiera omówienie wybranych zagadnień dynamicznych związanych z kinematycznym wymuszeniem od usterek toru wpływającym na degradację elementów pojazdów szynowych oraz rozwój uszkodzeń infrastruktury. Wskazano zjawiska, które mogą być przyczyną dużych obciążeń współdziałającego ze sobą układu pojazd-tor oraz zagrożenia wypadkami spowodowanymi zmęczeniem materiału elementów takiego układu. Podano przyczyny powstawania i rozwoju pęknięć szyn i osi zestawów kołowych. Przedstawiono przykłady badań doświadczalnych wskazujących na występowanie obciążeń dynamicznych znacznie przekraczających obciążenia statyczne spowodowane oddziaływaniem pojazdu i jego układu napędowego. Omówiono i zamieszczono w pracy wyniki badań teoretycznych uzyskanych z numerycznego modelu napędu pociągu z uwzględnieniem elektromechanicznych sprzęgnięć pomiędzy silnikiem a zestawem kołowym. Model ten pozwolił na analizę niekorzystych drgań skrętnych zestawu kołowego towarzyszących podczas przejazdu przez szczeliny w pojedynczym toku szynowym toru.
Prezentowane w pracy wyniki odniesiono do badań eksperymentalnych. W pracy przedstawiono również zagadnienia dynamiczne związane z samowzbudnością wskazujące na zjawiska, które mogą być przyczyną dużych obciążeń osi zestawów kołowych, jak również toru i ich degradacji oraz uszkodzeń zmęczeniowych tych osi. Zasygnalizowane zostały prawdopodobne przyczyny powstawania wielokrotnie większych od powszechnie uznawanych obciążeń szyn kołami kolejowymi. Podano kilka przykładów eksperymentalnego zbadania dynamicznego oddziaływania zestawów kołowych z torem będącego alternatywnym podejściem do kinematycznego wyjaśniania tego zjawiska.

Słowa kluczowe:
drgania skrętne, uszkodzenia pojazdu i toru, dynamiki toru, badania numeryczne

Afiliacje autorów:
Bogacz R. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
14.  Konowrocki R., Dąbrowski A., Brona P., Application of longitudinal dynamics of the train in the simulator of catenary maintenance vehicles - experimental and numerical tests, XXIII Scientific Conference Railway Vehicles 2018, 2018-05-22/05-25, Szczyrk (PL), pp.19-20, 2018

Streszczenie:
The paper presents results obtained from experimental and simulation tests of trains, treated as simplified one-dimensional models of railway vehicles. This approach to train dynamics enables to assess train forces and their impact on dynamic characteristics, for example related to some problems of rapid starting or emergency braking. These works were used to implement them as a solver mechanism in the simulator of catenary maintenance trains, whose features in the article are discussed. In the paper algorithm of operating vehicles by their drivers in different driving scenarios are presents. The algorithm described simulator must meet atypical requirements resulting from the specific properties of the simulated vehicles.The paper describes also the methodology of identifying driving system of modeled vehicles and the way of adaptation of parameters obtained experimentally. Then, in brief, issues related to the image animation and presentation in the simulator are discussed. Also the most important rules of operating rail vehicle simulator, selecting proper scenarios and using effective training methods are characterised. Results of operational and numerical tests presented in the paper reflect in details processes accompanying the operation of catenary maintenance trains. The experimental test methodology to the real railway vehicles to acquire some missing work parameters was allowed. Results of the presented research indicate a large convergence of theoretical results with the experiment.The obtained result allowed to validate the work of the simulator

Słowa kluczowe:
training simulator, dynamics of the train, experimental test, VBS3 environmental

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Dąbrowski A. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
Brona P. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
15.  Konowrocki R., Modeling of dynamic aspects of operation railway vehicle traction drive system including the electromechanical coupling, XXIII Scientific Conference Railway Vehicles 2018, 2018-05-22/05-25, Szczyrk (PL), pp.46-47, 2018

Streszczenie:
In the paper, a dynamic electromechanical interaction between the wheelset of railway vehicle and its driving electric motors is investigated. This is the high-speed train driven by the electric motors through elastic hollow shaft with linear characteristics. In particular, there is considered an influence of negative electromagnetic damping generated by the motor on a possibility of excitation of resonant torsional vibrations. Conclusions drawn from the computational results can be very useful during a design phase of these devices as well as helpful for their users during a regular maintenance.

Słowa kluczowe:
electromechanical coupling, torsion oscilation, electric motor, high speed train drive

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
16.  Konowrocki R., Groll W., Kukulski J., Walczak S., Badania doświadczalne i symulacyjne powstawania gorących obszarów w parach ciernych hamulca kolejowego pociągów dużych prędkości, XXIII Scientific Conference Railway Vehicles 2018, 2018-05-22/05-25, Szczyrk (PL), pp.20-21, 2018

Streszczenie:
Pracę poświęcono eksperymentalnym i numerycznym badaniom dotyczącym występowania gorących punktów w elementach hamulców tarczowych stosowanego w pojazdach szynowych dużej prędkości. W pracy zaprezentowano wyniki eksperymentalnych badań przeprowadzone na rzeczywistym układzie hamulcowym dedykowanym do takich pojazdów. W badaniach eksperymentalnych wykorzystano technikę termografii w podczerwieni, która pozwoliła scharakteryzować omawiane zjawiska cieplne. Uzyskane wyniki badań doświadczanych potwierdzono analizami numerycznymi, przy wykorzystaniu z walidowanego modelu układu hamulcowego. Wykorzystano w tym celu metodę elementów skończonych. Otrzymane wyniki numeryczne ilustrują zjawisko powstawania gorących obszarów na powierzchni tarczy hamulcowej wywołane przez termoelastyczne zaburzenia występujące na jej powierzchni.

Słowa kluczowe:
gorące obszary, badania numeryczne, badania eksperymentalne, układ hamulcowy, pociągi dużych prędkości

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Groll W. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
Kukulski J. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
Walczak S. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
17.  Konowrocki R., Dąbrowski A., Wantoch-Rekowski R., Brona P., Modelling of special train dynamic for construction simulator to train drivers training, ART 2017, 6th International Scientific Conference - ADVANCED RAIL TECHNOLOGIES, 2017-11-15/11-16, Warsaw (PL), pp.10-11, 2017

Streszczenie:
Due to the fact that training simulators of railway vehicles must fulfill unique requirements resulting from the specific properties of the simulated vehicles, in this article on determining the main criteria for modeling the dynamics of such systems was presented. A methodology used in the study on the selection of parameters of the modeled vehicle and its driveline based on experimental studies was described. Adaptation of parameters obtained from the experimentally test into the dynamics model of vehicle was presented. Currently used solutions in simulators as well as issues related to animation and presentation of the image was provided. The requirements for the operation of the rail vehicle simulator, as well the design requirements for visualization of the image were defined and discussed.

Słowa kluczowe:
railway vehicle simulator, railway vehicle drive system, virtual environment VBS3

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Dąbrowski A. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
Wantoch-Rekowski R. - Military University of Technology (PL)
Brona P. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
18.  Konowrocki R., Kukulski J., Groll W., Walczak S., Investigation of material property changes of discs during braking on hot spots and hot bands generation, ART 2017, 6th International Scientific Conference - ADVANCED RAIL TECHNOLOGIES, 2017-11-15/11-16, Warsaw (PL), pp.48-49, 2017

Streszczenie:
A braking systems during friction interaction convert mechanical energy into heat energy. The corresponding heating is a major design parameter as it influences the tribological and mechanical performances (wear of the materials, friction performances, risks of cracks, vibrations, etc.). During breaking process in such breaking systems, different locations of thermal overheating areas of material of friction pair may occur, usually named as hot spots or hot bands. These spot and bands are characterized by very high temperature gradients. This brake systems exposed to thermoelastic instabilities show a characteristic temperature distribution on break disc surface that can lead to local material change. The interaction of thermal energy and thermal expansion of the material of the friction braking effect on the local increase in temperature leading to a dominant impact frictional forces in this area. Often destabilization of the braking process is a consequence of such a rise in temperature. The difficulty of understanding and modeling all of these phenomena still remains due to the complex interactions of thermal, mechanical, and tribological effects. Experimental investigation is still nowadays a major instrument for detecting and understanding the physical effects. In this presentation, we propose to consider an example

Słowa kluczowe:
braking system, hot spots, hot bands, braking tests, infrared testing

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Kukulski J. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
Groll W. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
Walczak S. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
19.  Konowrocki R., Stability analysis of the railway vehicle drive with electromechanical coupling effects, ART 2017, 6th International Scientific Conference - ADVANCED RAIL TECHNOLOGIES, 2017-11-15/11-16, Warsaw (PL), pp.22-23, 2017

Streszczenie:
Aiming at the torsional vibration in the electromechanical driveline system for railway trains, this article introduces a stability analysis of the drive system with electromechanically coupling. For a reliability and security of drive system of railway vehicles drive by electric motors, the electromagnetic output traction force and torques should drive stably, otherwise the shaft train vibration caused by motor torque ripple will affect the fatigue life of the device and the operation security of the driven object. For this reason an investigation of the dynamic response and stability of a electromechanical drive train system was done. For this purpose a dynamic model integrated with an electric motor to simulate the vibration in the component parts of the drive system were created. Such an approach for modelling of the considered electrical drive systems coupled with elements of a driven vehicle is particularly important when the purpose of such modelling is to obtain an information about the transient phenomena of system operation

Słowa kluczowe:
electromechanical coupling, electric drive, electric motor, torsion vibrations, railway drive

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
20.  Wasilewski M., Pisarski D., Konowrocki R., Bajer C.I., New efficient adaptive control of torsional vibrations induced by sudden nonlinear disturbances, CMM 2017, 22nd International Conference on Computer Methods in Mechanics, 2017-09-13/09-16, Lublin (PL), pp.1-2, 2017

Streszczenie:
The aim of this paper is to present a novel adaptive technique of control of the vibrating drilling systems. The algorithm constitutes an adaptive linear quadratic regulator that uses direct measurements of the disturbance to synthesize its linear dynamic approximation. This approach allows generating control law that includes the impact of the friction on the system dynamics and optimally steers the system to the desired trajectory. The effectiveness of the algorithm is validated via comprehensive numerical simulations of the control of the simplified drilling model. The results are compared to these obtained with the use of the Linear Quadratic Gaussian regulator.

Słowa kluczowe:
vibration control, drillstring, adaptive control, auto-regressive model

Afiliacje autorów:
Wasilewski M. - IPPT PAN
Pisarski D. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Bajer C.I. - IPPT PAN
21.  Konowrocki R., An Electricity Consumption of a Train Drive System Used in a High Speed Train Caused by Change of Mechanical Parameters of this Drive, III Konferencja Naukowa „Szkoła Logistyki”, 2017-01-10/01-13, Wisła (PL), pp.1-1, 2017

Streszczenie:
The cost of maintenance, the reliability and the safety of railway operation depend strongly on the quality of the wheelsets and driving systems. Deformations and mechanical vibrations are phenomena associated with a functioning of majority of railway vehicle drivetrain structures. The time dependent variation of the contact forces between the wheels and the rails is highest importance, as sources of a torsion vibration in the systems. The knowledge about torsional vibrations in drive transmission systems of railway vehicles is of a great importance in the fields dynamics and fatigue of the mechanical systems. An electromechanical model of the railway vehicle drive system has been presented in the work. The values of electrical parameter characterizing the driving motor obtained from electric motor model have been used for determine the amounts of electric energy consumed by self-excited torsional vibration in the wheelset drivetrain system.

Słowa kluczowe:
electric motor, cost of maintenance, electromechanical model, torsion vibration

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
22.  Konowrocki R., Kukulski J., Walczak S., Costs Operating of Railway Braking Systems Due to the Influence of Hot Spots on the Brake Discs, III Konferencja Naukowa „Szkoła Logistyki”, 2017-01-10/01-13, Wisła (PL), pp.1-1, 2017

Streszczenie:
In the paper presents experimental studies the influence of the formation of the hot spots on a brake disc. The heat produced in the brake system often leads to the appearance of hot spots on the surfaces of friction pairs during rapid braking. Nature and extent of the intensity of the phenomenon depends greatly on the mechanical and thermal properties of these friction pair materials. The temperature distribution in the elements analyzed systems friction affects their thermal deformation, initiating the above phenomenon. Shown in the work of the results of tests and analyzes the formation of the hot bands and the hot spots on the brake discs used in high-speed railway vehicles, provided information on the temperature distribution on the surface. One of the consequences of such a process is the increased wear and reduce the coefficient of friction. Measurements of the hardness of the hot bands and surface roughness of brake discs showed the effects of such phenomena on the change on the structure of the cast iron and steel discs materials. An increase the hardness of this hot area on the discs surface of may result in increased maintenance costs. The costs caused by for a more frequent lathing of the brake discs can occur. These changes also influences to reduce the coefficient of friction in the friction pair.

Słowa kluczowe:
hotspot, maintenance costs, friction, infrared thermography, thermal coupling

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Kukulski J. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
Walczak S. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
23.  Szolc T., Konowrocki R., Pochanke A., Michajłow M., Dynamic aspects of design and maintenance of the rotating machinery applied in the mining industry, MEC-2017, MINERAL ENGINEERING CONFERENCE, 2017-09-20/09-23, Wisła (PL), No.2, pp.14-15, 2017

Streszczenie:
In the paper a dynamic behaviour of the selected typical group of rotating machines applied in the mining industry is investigated. These are the beater mills and crushers as well as blowers and compressors, all driven by the asynchronous motors. In particular, there is considered an influence of various types of machine working tool loadings on the system lateral steady-state dynamic responses as well as a mutual torsional electromechanical interaction between the driving motor and the driven machine in transient operational conditions. The theoretical calculations have been performed by means of the advanced structural mechanical models. The conclusions drawn from computational results can be very useful during design phase of these devices as well as helpful for their users during regular maintenance.

Słowa kluczowe:
rotating mill machinery, electric motor interaction, electromechanical model, torsion vibration

Afiliacje autorów:
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Pochanke A. - Warsaw University of Technology (PL)
Michajłow M. - IPPT PAN
24.  Szmidt T., Konowrocki R., Flutter vibrations of pipe conveying air damped by electromagnetic devices of motional type, PTSK, 24th PTSK Scientific Workshop International Conference Simulation in Research and Development, 2017-05-24/05-27, Krynica (PL), pp.1-2, 2017

Streszczenie:
The analysis of stability the pipe with electromagnetic coupling in active elements has been done. Application of electromagnetic actuators leads to an increase in the critical flow velocity.The frequency of self-excited vibrations can either change with the volt-age supplied depending on the position of the active elements.

Słowa kluczowe:
Flutter vibrations, electromagnetic coupling, electromagnetic actuators, EM damper of motional type

Afiliacje autorów:
Szmidt T. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
25.  Konowrocki R., An influence of electromechanical coupling effects on stability of the drive systems of HST driven by electric motors, PTSK, 24th PTSK Scientific Workshop International Conference Simulation in Research and Development, 2017-05-24/05-27, Krynica (PL), pp.15-16, 2017

Streszczenie:
The analysis of stability the High Speed Train traction drive with electromechanical coupling has been done. Using the energy balance of the natural modes of vibration for the model of the drive system leads to determining the influence of electromagnetic parameters on its stability in relation to self-excited vibrations induced by friction.

Słowa kluczowe:
electromechanical coupling, high speed train, stability analizys, synchronous motor

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
26.  Konowrocki R., Szolc T., An influence of electromechanical coupling effects on stability of the drive systems of machines and railway vehicles driven by electric motors, XXV French-Polish Seminar on Mechanics, 2017-05-15/05-16, Bourges (FR), pp.32-32, 2017

Streszczenie:
To ensure a reliability and unconditional security of drive system of machine and railway vehicles drive by electric motors, the electromagnetic output traction force and torques should drive stably, otherwise the shaft train vibration caused by motor torque ripple will affect the fatigue life of the device and the operation security of the driven object. For this reason an investigation of the dynamic response and stability of a electromechanical drive train system was done. The obtained results have demonstrated that the electromagnetic transient processes generated in the electric motor should be taken into account for the use of the assessing the stability of the system. The knowledge about stability of drive transmission systems of machines and railway vehicles is of a great importance in the field of dynamics and material fatigue of the mechanical systems.

Słowa kluczowe:
electric motor, torsional vibrations, electromechanical coupling, wheel-rail adhesion, wheelset drivetrain dynamic

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Szolc T. - IPPT PAN
27.  Konowrocki R., Analysis of electromechanical interaction in an electric drive system used in the high speed trains, ART 2016, ADVANCED RAIL TECHNOLOGIES - 5th International Conference, 2016-11-09/11-11, Warsaw (PL), pp.1-2, 2016

Streszczenie:
A dynamic modelling of the electrical drive systems coupled with elements of a driven machine or vehicle is particularly important when the purpose of such modelling is to obtain an information about the transient phenomena of system operation, like a run-up, run-down and loss of adhesion in the wheel-rail zone. In this paper most attention is paid to the modelling of an electromechanical interaction between the electric driving motor and the railway wheelset. The knowledge about torsional vibrations in transmission systems of a high speed train (HST) is of a great importance in the fields dynamics of mechanical systems. Torsional vibrations in the railway vehicle drive train are generated by two main phenomena. To the first one belongs the electromechanical interaction between of the railway drive system including the: electric motor, gears, the driven part of disc clutch and driving parts of the gear clutch. To the second one belong torsional vibrations of the flexible wheels and wheelsets caused by variation of adhesion forces in the wheel-rail contact zone.

Słowa kluczowe:
high speed train drive, electromechanical coupling, wheel-rail adhesion, asynchronous motor, electric motor

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
28.  Konowrocki R., Groll W., Kukulski J., Walczak S., Temperature field analysis of brake discs for high speed train using infrared technology, ART 2016, ADVANCED RAIL TECHNOLOGIES - 5th International Conference, 2016-11-09/11-11, Warsaw (PL), pp.1-2, 2016

Streszczenie:
Thermoelastic instabilities are typically observed in frictional systems, which transform large quantity of kinetic energy into thermal energy. To this group we can include a high speed train brake system. This brake systems exposed to thermoelastic instabilities show a characteristic temperature distribution on break disc surface that can lead to local material change, vibrations of the braking system element coefficient of friction fluctuations. When reaching a critical sliding velocity, experiments show a nonhomogeneous and often periodic temperature distribution on the sliding surface. The mechanism of the phenomenon is caused by the interaction of heat generation and thermal expansion. A local rise in surface temperature results in a thermal expansion of the material nearby. Such a region of elevated temperature therefore is slightly higher than the surrounding topography and therefore carries a dominating part of the frictional load. A following rise in heat can destabilize the process. Two basic forms of thermoelastic instabilities can be commonly observed such as hot spots and hot bands.

Słowa kluczowe:
high speed train braking, infrared technology, hot spotting, hot banding, brake disc, heat transfer

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Groll W. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
Kukulski J. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
Walczak S. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
29.  Konowrocki R., Kukulski J., Hot bands on a surface of brake discs used in the high speed trains- experimental investigation, FRICTION 2016”, IX International Conference Modeling And Simulation of The Friction Phenomena in the Physical and Technical Systems „FRICTION 2016”, 2016-10-18/10-18, Warsaw (PL), pp.1, 2016

Streszczenie:
The heat produced between friction couple during braking induces thermal distortion in the disc and leads to appearance of hot bands. The Hot bands are generated by thermoelastic phenomena appearing in systems with high energy dissipation like brake or clutch systems. Systems exposed to thermoelastic instabilities show a characteristic temperature distribution that can lead to local material change, vibrations of the braking system element or coefficient of friction fluctuations. In the framework of studies there are presented results of experimental investigation on influence of the hot bands on properties of friction pair elements and parameters of the high-speed train brake system.

Słowa kluczowe:
heat produced, friction coupling, breaking, hot bands, thermoelastic phenomena, friction fluctuations

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Kukulski J. - Railway Research Institute (PL)
30.  Szmidt T., Konowrocki R., Influence of Electromagnetic Actuators on Near-Critical Behaviour of a Pipe Conveying Fluid, XXIV Francusko-Polskie Seminarium Mechaniki, 2016-10-17/10-18, Warszawa (PL), pp.57, 2016
31.  Konowrocki R., Evaluation of electromechanical coupling parameters of the railway vehicle electric drive system to condition monitoring of the drive, XXIV Francusko-Polskie Seminarium Mechaniki, 2016-10-17/10-18, Warszawa (PL), pp.1-2, 2016

Streszczenie:
In the framework of studies there are presented results of numerical investigation of the electromechanical drive system of the railway vehicle. Here, electric parameters of the asynchronous motor are rated to condition monitoring of the drive. Evaluation of the parameters can be used to create guidelines to a monitoring system. Main informations about a torsional vibration of wheelsets generated by friction coefficient in wheel-rail zone are provided by electric parameters obtained from a dynamic electromechanical drive model. The vibrations of wheelsets generated by a self-excited vibration mechanism of wheel-rail contact systems is very harmful. Proposed approach is alternative solution for monitoring of the torsion vibration in considered driving system. Results of this analysis can be used in order to investigate the drive system’s sensitivity to torsional oscillations.

Słowa kluczowe:
condition monitoring, electromechanical coupling, wheel-rail adhesion, wheelset drivetrain dynamic

Afiliacje autorów:
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
32.  Frąś L.J., Konowrocki R., Pęcherski R.B., Niesprężyste deformacje materiałów magnetoreologicznych. Doświadczalna wizualizacja i model fizyczny, OMIS'2015, XI Konferencja Odkształcalność Metali i Stopów, 2015-11-17/11-20, Łańcut (PL), pp.13-14, 2015

Streszczenie:
Magnetorheological materials are commonly used in technical devices because of specific behaviour in magnetic field. The magnetoactive particles are immersed in the carried fluid. The material becomes solid under the influence of magnetic field. The structure of solid material consists of the chains of the particles lying along the direction of magnetic field and the material under the stress is deforming as a solid body. The present studies are focused on the microscopic and phenomenological models of non-newtonian fluid. However, the mechanisms of deformation in solidified material under magnetic field require further investigations. The aim of the paper is to present the experimental visualization of the rearrangements of the particles in the activated by magnetic field chains. Basing on microscopic observations, the hypothesis is formulated that the mechanism of micro-shear banding is responsible for inelastic deformation of magnetorheological material. The discussed physical model makes the basis of the material description within the framework of the Perzyna viscoplasticity theory.

Słowa kluczowe:
magnetorheological fluid, magnetorheological gel, Perzyna viscoplastic model

Afiliacje autorów:
Frąś L.J. - IPPT PAN
Konowrocki R. - IPPT PAN
Pęcherski R.B. - IPPT PAN

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pdf
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2021-04-09
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436254
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Sposób aktywnego tłumienia drgań skrętnych w urządzeniach napędzanych silnikami elektrycznymi obejmujący sterowanie falownika napięciowego oraz układ do realizacji tego sposobu
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Urządzenie do dokowania obiektów o budowie modułowej
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433559
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Konowrocki R., Pisarski D., Szmidt T.
Dwukierunkowy aktywny tłumik drgań skrętnych
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433289
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433100
2020-02-28
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Marijnissen M.J., Konowrocki R., Szolc T.
Sposób intensyfikacji procesu rozdrabniania surowców mineralnych oraz urządzenie do rozdrabniania surowców mineralnych
PL, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN
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429111
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BUP 19/2020
2020-09-07
Konowrocki R., Pisarski D., Faraj R.
Autonomiczny moduł sprzęgający do stabilizacji drgań konstrukcji
PL, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN
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429108
2019-02-28
BUP 19/2020
2020-09-07
Konowrocki R., Pisarski D., Faraj R.
Sposób zmiany efektywnej sztywności konstrukcji z wykorzystaniem autonomicznych sprzęgnięć i inteligentna konstrukcja wspornikowa
PL, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN
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428426
2018-12-28
BUP 14/2020
2020-06-29
Konowrocki R., Pisarski D.
Tłumik liniowo-rotacyjny o charakterystyce dylatancyjnej
PL, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN
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420876
2017-03-16
BUP 20/2018
2018-09-24
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Sposób mocowania aktywnych, warstwowych materiałów inteligentnych, zwłaszcza w dynamicznej ortezie kończyny górnej
PL, Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki PAN
233524
WUP 10/2019
2019-10-31

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