Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki
Polskiej Akademii Nauk


J. Ryszkowska

Ostatnie publikacje
1.  Skorupska M., Kulczyk M., Denis P., Grzęda D., Czajka A., Ryszkowska J., Structural Hierarchy of PA6 Macromolecules after Hydrostatic Extrusion, Materials, ISSN: 1996-1944, DOI: 10.3390/ma16093435, Vol.16, No.9, pp.1-18, 2023

This article presents the influence of severe plastic deformation by hydrostatic extrusion (HE) on the thermal and structural properties of polyamide 6 (PA6). During the hydrostatic extrusion process, a fibrous structure oriented along the extrusion direction is formed, which was visualized during microscopic observations. The degree of crystallinity was analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Wide-angle X-ray scattering diffraction (WAXS) analysis was used to partially characterize the PA6 structure after the HE process. The contents of various forms of the crystalline phase in PA6 samples before and after the HE process were analyzed in fragments of spectroscopy in infrared (FTIR). The favorable properties of PA6 after the HE process were obtained after deformation under conditions generating an adiabatic temperature higher than the glass transition temperature and lower than the temperature of the onset of melting of the crystalline phase. Thermal analysis using DSC allowed us to conclude that in the PA6 after the HE process generating deformations in the range of 0.68–1.56, the proportion of the crystalline phase α increases in PA6. As the deformation increases in the HE process, the crystalline phase proportion increases by 12% compared to the initial material (before HE). The glass transition temperature of PA6 is ca. 50.6 °C, reduced for the sample after the HE process at a small deformation of 0.68 (PA6_0.68) to ca. 44.2 °C. For other samples, Tg is ca. 53.2–53.5 °C. As a result of the analysis of WAXS diffractograms of PA6 samples after various deformations in the HE process, the presence of typical peaks of phases α1 and α2 and γ was observed. The results of the FTIR spectroscopic analysis confirm these observations that as the deformation increases, the proportion of the crystalline phase α increases.

Słowa kluczowe:
hydrostatic extrusion, polyamide 6, structure, thermal properties

Afiliacje autorów:
Skorupska M. - Institute of High Pressure Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences (PL)
Kulczyk M. - inna afiliacja
Denis P. - IPPT PAN
Grzęda D. - inna afiliacja
Czajka A. - inna afiliacja
Ryszkowska J. - inna afiliacja
2.  Auguścik-Królikowska M., Ryszkowska J., Szczepkowski L., Kwiatkowski D., Kołbuk-Konieczny D., Szymańska J., Viscoelastic polyurethane foams with the addition of mint, POLIMERY, ISSN: 0032-2725, DOI: 10.14314/polimery.2020.3.4, Vol.65, No.3, pp.196-207, 2020

The article presents an assessment of the possibilities of producing viscoelastic open cell polyurethane (PUR) foams produced with a natural filler in the form of mint leaves. PUR foams containing from 10 to 30 wt % of mint were produced. Chemical structure, thermal and mechanical properties of the foams were assessed. It was found that the filler containing 7 wt % of water caused significant changes in the foam characteristics. In composite foams, the content of urea and hydrogen bonds increased with higher mint contents. The hardness and comfort factor of composite foams also increased. The introduction of a filler containing a significant amount of water caused a change in the porosity and wall thickness of composite foams resulting in a significant increase in their permanent deformations.

Słowa kluczowe:
open cell viscoelastic polyurethane foams, mint, cytocompatibility

Afiliacje autorów:
Auguścik-Królikowska M. - inna afiliacja
Ryszkowska J. - inna afiliacja
Szczepkowski L. - inna afiliacja
Kwiatkowski D. - IPPT PAN
Kołbuk-Konieczny D. - IPPT PAN
Szymańska J. - inna afiliacja

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