Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki
Polskiej Akademii Nauk


S Halder

Ostatnie publikacje
1.  Halder S., Streltsov A., Banik M., Identifying the value of a random variable unambiguously: Quantum versus classical approaches , Physical Review A, ISSN: 2469-9926, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.109.052608, Vol.109, pp.052608-1-052608-11, 2024

Quantum resources may provide an advantage over their classical counterparts. Theoretically, in certain tasks, this advantage can be very high. In this work, we construct such a task based on a game, mediated by the Referee and played between Alice and Bob. The Referee sends Alice a value of a random variable. At the same time, the Referee also sends Bob some partial information regarding that value. Here partial information can be defined in the following way. Bob gets the information of a random set that must contain the value of the variable, which is sent to Alice by the Referee, along with other value(s). Alice is not allowed to know what information is sent to Bob by the Referee. Again, Bob does not know which value of the random variable is sent to Alice. Now, the game can be won if and only if Bob can unambiguously identify the value of the variable that is sent to Alice, with some nonzero probability, no matter what information Bob receives or which value is sent to Alice. However, to help Bob, Alice sends some limited amount of information to him, based on any strategy that is fixed by Alice and Bob before the game begins. We show that if Alice sends a limited amount of classical information, then the game cannot be won, while the quantum analog of the “limited amount of classical information” is sufficient for winning the game. Thus, it establishes a quantum advantage. We further analyze several variants of the game and provide certain bounds on the success probabilities. Moreover, we establish connections between the trine ensemble, mutually unbiased bases, and the encoding-decoding strategies of those variants. We also discuss the role of quantum coherence in the present context.

Afiliacje autorów:
Halder S. - inna afiliacja
Streltsov A. - IPPT PAN
Banik M. - inna afiliacja

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